Nonfiction > Verse > Ralph Waldo Emerson > The Complete Works > Poems
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882).  The Complete Works.  1904.
Vol. IX. Poems
V. Appendix
Fragments on the Poet and the Poetic Gift
THERE 1 are beggars in Iran and Araby,
SAID was hungrier than all;
Hafiz said he was a fly
That came to every festival.
He came a pilgrim to the Mosque        5
On trail of camel and caravan,
Knew every temple and kiosk
Out from Mecca to Ispahan;
Northward he went to the snowy hills,
At court he sat in the grave Divan.        10
His music was the south-wind’s sigh,
His lamp, the maiden’s downcast eye,
And ever the spell of beauty came
And turned the drowsy world to flame.
By lake and stream and gleaming hall        15
And modest copse and the forest tall,
Where’er he went, the magic guide
Kept its place by the poet’s side.
Said melted the days like cups of pearl,
Served high and low, the lord and the churl,        20
Loved harebells nodding on a rock,
A cabin hung with curling smoke,
Ring of axe or hum of wheel
Or gleam which use can paint on steel,
And huts and tents; nor loved he less        25
Stately lords in palaces,
Princely women hard to please,
Fenced by form and ceremony,
Decked by courtly rites and dress
And etiquette of gentilesse.        30
But when the mate of the snow and wind,
He left each civil scale behind:
Him wood-gods fed with honey wild
And of his memory beguiled.
He loved to watch and wake        35
When the wing of the south-wind whipt the lake
And the glassy surface in ripples brake
And fled in pretty frowns away
Like the flitting boreal lights,
Rippling roses in northern nights,        40
Or like the thrill of Æolian strings
In which the sudden wind-god rings. 2
In caves and hollow trees he crept
And near the wolf and panther slept.
He came to the green ocean’s brim        45
And saw the wheeling sea-birds skim,
Summer and winter, o’er the wave,
Like creatures of a skiey mould,
Impassible to heat or cold.
He stood before the tumbling main        50
With joy too tense for sober brain;
He shared the life of the element,
The tie of blood and home was rent:
As if in him the welkin walked,
The winds took flesh, the mountains talked,        55
And he the bard, a crystal soul
Sphered and concentric with the whole.
The Dervish whined to Said,
“Thou didst not tarry while I prayed.
Beware the fire that Eblis burned.”        60
But Saadi coldly thus returned,
“Once with manlike love and fear
I gave thee for an hour my ear,
I kept the sun and stars at bay,
And love, for words thy tongue could say.        65
I cannot sell my heaven again
For all that rattles in thy brain.” 3
Said Saadi, “When I stood before
Hassan the camel-driver’s door,
I scorned the fame of Timour brave;        70
Timour, to Hassan, was a slave.
In every glance of Hassan’s eye
I read great years of victory,
And I, who cower mean and small
In the frequent interval        75
When wisdom not with me resides,
Worship Toil’s wisdom that abides.
I shunned his eyes, that faithful man’s,
I shunned the toiling Hassan’s glance.” 4
The civil world will much forgive
To bards who from its maxims live,
But if, grown bold, the poet dare
Bend his practice to his prayer
And following his mighty heart
Shame the times and live apart,—        85
Væ solis! I found this,
That of goods I could not miss
If I fell within the line,
Once a member, all was mine,
Houses, banquets, gardens, fountains,        90
Fortune’s delectable mountains;
But if I would walk alone,
Was neither cloak nor crumb my own.
And thus the high Muse treated me,
Directly never greeted me,        95
But when she spread her dearest spells,
Feigned to speak to some one else.
I was free to overhear,
Or I might at will forbear;
Yet mark me well, that idle word        100
Thus at random overheard
Was the symphony of spheres,
And proverb of a thousand years,
The light wherewith all planets shone,
The livery all events put on,        105
It fell in rain, it grew in grain,
It put on flesh in friendly form,
Frowned in my foe and growled in storm,
It spoke in Tullius Cicero,
In Milton and in Angelo:        110
I travelled and found it at Rome;
Eastward it filled all Heathendom
And it lay on my hearth when I came home. 5
Mask thy wisdom with delight,
Toy with the bow, yet hit the white,        115
As Jelaleddin old and gray;
He seemed to bask, to dream and play
Without remoter hope or fear
Than still to entertain his ear
And pass the burning summer-time        120
In the palm-grove with a rhyme;
Heedless that each cunning word
Tribes and ages overheard:
Those idle catches told the laws
Holding Nature to her cause.        125
God only knew how Saadi dined;
Roses he ate, and drank the wind;
He freelier breathed beside the pine,
In cities he was low and mean;
The mountain waters washed him clean        130
And by the sea-waves he was strong;
He heard their medicinal song,
Asked no physician but the wave,
No palace but his sea-beat cave.
Saadi held the Muse in awe,        135
She was his mistress and his law;
A twelvemonth he could silence hold,
Nor ran to speak till she him told;
He felt the flame, the fanning wings,
Nor offered words till they were things,        140
Glad when the solid mountain swims
In music and uplifting hymns.
Charmed from fagot and from steel,
Harvests grew upon his tongue,
Past and future must reveal        145
All their heart when Saadi sung;
Sun and moon must fall amain
Like sower’s seeds into his brain,
There quickened to be born again. 6

The free winds told him what they knew,
Discoursed of fortune as they blew;
Omens and signs that filled the air
To him authentic witness bare;
The birds brought auguries on their wings,
And carolled undeceiving things        155
Him to beckon, him to warn;
Well might then the poet scorn
To learn of scribe or courier
Things writ in vaster character;
And on his mind at dawn of day        160
Soft shadows of the evening lay. 7
PALE genius roves alone,
No scout can track his way,
None credits him till he have shown
His diamonds to the day.        165
Not his the feaster’s wine,
Nor land, nor gold, nor power,
By want and pain God screeneth him
Till his elected hour.
Go, speed the stars of Thought        170
On to their shining goals:—
The sower scatters broad his seed,
The wheat thou strew’st be souls. 8
I GRIEVE that better souls than mine
Docile read my measured line:        175
High destined youths and holy maids
Hallow these my orchard shades;
Environ me and me baptize
With light that streams from gracious eyes.
I dare not be beloved and known,        180
I ungrateful, I alone.
Ever find me dim regards,
Love of ladies, love of bards,
Marked forbearance, compliments,
Tokens of benevolence.        185
What then, can I love myself?
Fame is profitless as pelf,
A good in Nature not allowed
They love me, as I love a cloud
Sailing falsely in the sphere,        190
Hated mist if it come near.
FOR thought, and not praise;
Thought is the wages
For which I sell days,
Will gladly sell ages        195
And willing grow old
Deaf, and dumb, and blind, and cold,
Melting matter into dreams,
Panoramas which I saw
And whatever glows or seems        200
Into substance, into Law. 9
FOR Fancy’s gift
Can mountains lift;
The Muse can knit
What is past, what is done,        205
With the web that ’s just begun;
Making free with time and size,
Dwindles here, there magnifies,
Swells a rain-drop to a tun;
So to repeat        210
No word or feat
Crowds in a day the sum of ages,
And blushing Love outwits the sages. 10
TRY the might the Muse affords
And the balm of thoughtful words;        215
Bring music to the desolate;
Hang roses on the stony fate.
BUT over all his crowning grace,
Wherefor thanks God his daily praise,
Is the purging of his eye        220
To see the people of the sky:
From blue mount and headland dim
Friendly hands stretch forth to him,
Him they beckon, him advise
Of heavenlier prosperities        225
And a more excelling grace
And a truer bosom-glow
Than the wine-fed feasters know.
They turn his heart from lovely maids,
And make the darlings of the earth        230
Swainish, coarse and nothing worth:
Teach him gladly to postpone
Pleasures to another stage
Beyond the scope of human age,
Freely as task at eve undone        235
Waits unblamed to-morrow’s sun.
BY thoughts I lead
Bards to say what nations need;
What imports, what irks and what behooves,
Framed afar as Fates and Loves.        240
AND as the light divides the dark
  Through with living swords,
So shall thou pierce the distant age
  With adamantine words.
I FRAMED his tongue to music,        245
  I armed his hand with skill,
I moulded his face to beauty
  And his heart the throne of Will.
FOR every God
Obeys the hymn, obeys the ode.        250
FOR art, for music over-thrilled,
The wine-cup shakes, the wine is spilled.
HOLD of the Maker, not the Made;
Sit with the Cause, or grim or glad. 11
THAT book is good        255
Which puts me in a working mood. 12
  Unless to Thought is added Will,
  Apollo is an imbecile.
What parts, what gems, what colors shine,—
Ah, but I miss the grand design.        260
LIKE vaulters in a circus round
Who leap from horse to horse, but never touch the ground.
FOR Genius made his cabin wide,
And Love led Gods therein to bide.
THE ATOM displaces all atoms beside,        265
And Genius unspheres all souls that abide.
TO transmute crime to wisdom, so to stem
The vice of Japhet by the thought of Shem.
HE could condense cerulean ether
Into the very best sole-leather.        270
FORBORE the ant-hill, shunned to tread,
In mercy, on one little head.
I HAVE no brothers and no peers,
And the dearest interferes:
When I would spend a lonely day,        275
Sun and moon are in my way.
THE BROOK sings on, but sings in vain
Wanting the echo in my brain.
HE planted where the deluge ploughed,
His hired hands were wind and cloud;        280
His eyes detect the Gods concealed
In the hummock of the field. 13
FOR what need I of book or priest,
Or sibyl from the mummied East,
When every star is Bethlehem star?        285
I count as many as there are
Cinquefoils or violets in the grass,
So many saints and saviors,
So many high behaviors
Salute the bard who is alive        290
And only sees what he doth give.
COIN the day-dawn into lines
In which its proper splendor shines;
Coin the moonlight into verse
Which all its marvel shall rehearse,
*        *        *        *        *
Chasing with words fast-flowing things; nor try
To plant thy shrivelled pedantry
On the shoulders of the sky.
AH, not to me those dreams belong!
A better voice peals through my song.        300
THE MUSE’S hill by Fear is guarded,
A bolder foot is still rewarded.
HIS instant thought a poet spoke,
And filled the age his fame;
An inch of ground the lightning strook        305
But lit the sky with flame. 14
IF bright the sun, he tarries,
  All day his song is heard;
And when he goes he carries
  No more baggage than a bird.        310
THE ASMODEAN feat is mine,
To spin my sand-heap into twine. 15
SLIGHTED Minerva’s learnèd tongue,
But leaped with joy when on the wind
    The shell of Clio rung.        315
Note 1. What Dr. Holmes says in his chapter on the Poems is especially true of these fragments: “The poet reveals himself under the protection of his imaginative and melodious phrases,—the flowers and jewels of his vocabulary.”
  The first part of this poem was written in 1845; from it Mr. Emerson took the motto for “Beauty,” the first ten lines of which followed
  At court he sat in the grave Divan,
and the rest of the motto followed
  And etiquette of gentilesse.
Note 2. In the essay on Inspiration, in Letters and Social Aims, after quoting what the poet Gray said of the Æolian harp, Mr. Emerson adds:—
  “Perhaps you can recall a delight like it, which spoke to the eye, when you have stood by a lake in the woods in summer, and saw where little flaws of wind whip spots or patches of still water into fleets of ripples,—so sudden, so slight, so spiritual, that it was more like the rippling of the Aurora Borealis at night than any spectacle of day.” [back]
Note 3. In his journal of 1842, he wrote under the heading “To-day”:—
  “But my increasing value of the present moment, to which I gladly abandon myself when I can, is destroying my Sunday respects, which always, no doubt, have some regard to the State and conservatism. But when to-day is great I fling all the world’s future into the sea.”
  Mr. Emerson, from childhood to age, had reverence for worship, and for public worship, but as he grew in mind and spirit he felt himself cramped by creeds and forms. He found he could worship to more purpose in solitude and in the presence of Nature. He always gladly heard a true preacher, and in his old age, when his critical sense was dulled and the passing Day had fewer gifts for him, he liked to go to the Concord church, were it only for association’s sake. [back]
Note 4. Hassan the camel-driver was, without doubt, Mr. Emerson’s sturdy neighbor, Mr. Edmund Hosmer, for whom he had great respect. The camels were the slow oxen, then universally used for farm-work, with which Mr. Hosmer ploughed the poet’s fields for him. Compare what is said of manual labor in Nature, Addresses and Lectures, pp. 236–238. [back]
Note 5. Journal, 1855. “What I said in one of my Saadi scraps of verse, I might say in good sooth, that—
  Thus the high Muse treated me,
Directly never greeted me, etc.
My best thought came from others. I heard in their words my own meaning, but a deeper sense than they put on them: and could well and best express myself in other people’s phrases, but to finer purpose than they knew.”
  The thought of the last five lines is given more fully in “Art” (Essays, First Series, pp. 360, 361). [back]
Note 6. Sun and moon and everything in Nature are symbols, seeds which quicken in their interpretation, which the poet finds for mankind. [back]
Note 7. These lines are a more pleasing version of the motto to the essay on Fate, in Conduct of Life, with two introductory lines, and without the less poetical ending lines which were used by Mr. Emerson in the poem “Fate.” [back]
Note 8. The last verse is the motto to “Intellect” in Essays, First Series. [back]
Note 9. This in the verse-book is called “Terminus.” [back]
Note 10. These lines appear to have been part of a poem called “Bacchus” that was never completed, referred to in the note to “Bacchus.” [back]
Note 11. This thought is more fully stated in “Fate” (Conduct of Life, p. 26) and in “Self-Reliance” (Essays, First Series, p. 71). [back]
Note 12. See “Inspiration,” Letters and Social Aims, p. 296. [back]
Note 13. These lines, it is seen in one of the verse-books, describe the true poet; he re-creates, by showing what creation signifies, and thoughts are the seed he sows. [back]
Note 14. “Every thought which genius and piety throw into the world, alters the world.”—“Politics,” Essays, Second Series. [back]
Note 15. Asmodeus was an evil spirit. He is mentioned in the Book of Tobit in the Apocrypha. Students of the Black Art held that demons could be kept out of mischief by setting them at hopeless tasks, like making ropes out of sand. The braid-like effect of the wave-markings in shoal water suggested the idea. Mr. Emerson always found it hard to make a tissue out of the thoughts which came to him—he spoke of them once as “infinitely repellent particles.” [back]

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