Verse > Anthologies > Ralph Waldo Emerson, ed. > Parnassus: An Anthology of Poetry
Ralph Waldo Emerson, comp. (1803–1882).  Parnassus: An Anthology of Poetry.  1880.
Lady Geraldine’s Courtship
By Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806–1861)
          A poet writes to his friend.—Place, a room in Wycombe Hall.—Time, late in the evening.

DEAR my friend and fellow-student, I would lean my spirit o’er you:
Down the purple of this chamber, tears should scarcely run at will:
I am humbled who was humble! Friend,—I bow my head before you!
You should lead me to my peasants!—but their faces are too still.
There’s a lady,—an earl’s daughter; she is proud and she is noble:        5
And she treads the crimson carpet, and she breathes the perfumed air;
And a kingly blood sends glances up her princely eye to trouble,
And the shadow of a monarch’s crown is softened in her hair.
She has halls among the woodlands, she has castles by the breakers,
She has farms and she has manors, she can threaten and command,        10
And the palpitating engines snort in steam across her acres,
As they mark upon the blasted heaven the measure of her land.
There are none of England’s daughters who can show a prouder presence;
Upon princely suitors praying, she has looked in her disdain:
She has sprung of English nobles, I was born of English peasants;        15
What was I that I should love her,—save for competence to pain!
I was only a poor poet, made for singing at her casement,
As the finches or the thrushes, while she thought of other things.
Oh, she walked so high above me, she appeared to my abasement,
In her lovely silken murmur, like an angel clad in wings!        20
Many vassals bow before her as her carriage sweeps their door-ways;
She has blest their little children,—as a priest or queen were she.
Far too tender, or too cruel far, her smile upon the poor was,
For I thought it was the same smile which she used to smile on me.
She has voters in the commons, she has lovers in the palace,—        25
And of all the fair court-ladies, few have jewels half as fine:
Oft the prince has named her beauty, ’twixt the red wine and the chalice:
Oh, and what was I to love her? my Beloved, my Geraldine!
Yet I could not choose but love her,—I was born to poet uses,—
To love all things set above me, all of good and all of fair:        30
Nymphs of mountain, not of valley, we are wont to call the Muses,
And in nympholeptic climbing, poets pass from mount to star.
And because I was a poet, and because the people praised me,
With their critical deduction for the modern writer’s fault;
I could sit at rich men’s tables,—though the courtesies that raised me,        35
Still suggested clear between us the pale spectrum of the salt.
And they praised me in her presence:—“Will your book appear this summer?”
Then returning to each other, “Yes, our plans are for the moors;”
Then with whisper dropped behind me,—“There he is! the latest comer!
Oh, she only likes his verses! what is over, she endures.        40
“Quite low born! self-educated! somewhat gifted though by nature,—
And we make a point by asking him, of being very kind;—
You may speak, he does not hear you; and besides, he writes no satire,—
All these serpents kept by charmers, leave their natural sting behind.”
I grew scornfuller, grew colder, as I stood up there among them,        45
Till, as frost intense will burn you, the cold scorning scorched my brow;
When a sudden silver speaking, gravely cadenced, overrung them,
And a sudden silken stirring touched my inner nature through.
I looked upward and beheld her! With a calm and regnant spirit,
Slowly round she swept her eyelids, and said clear before them all,        50
“Have you such superfluous honor, sir, that able to confer it,
You will come down, Mr. Bertram, as my guest to Wycombe Hall?”
Here she paused,—she had been paler at the first word of her speaking;
But because a silence followed it, blushed somewhat as for shame;
Then, as scorning her own feeling, resumed calmly—“I am seeking        55
More distinction than these gentlemen think worthy of my claim.
“Nevertheless, you see, I seek it—not because I am a woman,”
(Here her smile sprang like a fountain, and, so overflowed her mouth,)
“But because my woods in Sussex have some purple shades at gloaming
Which are worthy of a king in state, or poet in his youth.        60
“I invite you, Mr. Bertram, to no scene for worldly speeches,—
Sir, I scarce should dare,—but only where God asked the thrushes first,—
And if you will sing beside them, in the covert of my beeches,
I will thank you for the woodlands,… for the human world at worst.”
Then she smiled around right childly, then she gazed around right queenly;        65
And I bowed,—I could not answer! Alternate light and gloom,—
While as one who quells the lions, with a steady eye serenely,
She, with level fronting eyelids, passed out stately from the room.
Oh, the blessed woods of Sussex, I can hear them still around me,
With their leafy tide of greenery still rippling up the wind!        70
Oh, the cursed woods of Sussex! where the hunter’s arrow found me,
When a fair face and a tender voice had made me mad and blind!
In that ancient hall of Wycombe, thronged the numerous guests invited,
And the lovely London ladies trod the floors with gliding feet;
And their voices low with fashion, not with feeling, softly freighted        75
All the air about the windows, with elastic laughters sweet.
For at eve, the open windows flung their light out on the terrace,
Which the floating orbs of curtains did with gradual shadow sweep:
While the swans upon the river, fed at morning by the heiress,
Trembled downward through their snowy wings at music in their sleep.        80
And there evermore was music, both of instrument and singing;
Till the finches of the shrubberies grew restless in the dark;
But the cedars stood up motionless, each in a moonlight ringing,
And the deer, half in the glimmer, strewed the hollows of the park.
And though sometimes she would bind me with her silver-corded speeches,        85
To commix my words and laughter with the converse and the jest,
Oft I sat apart, and gazing on the river through the beeches,
Heard, as pure the swans swam down it, her pure voice o’erfloat the rest.
In the morning, horn of huntsman, hoof of steed, and laugh of rider
Spread out cheery from the courtyard till we lost them in the hills;        90
While herself and other ladies, and her suitors left beside her,
Went a-wandering up the gardens through the laurels and abeles.
Thus, her foot upon the new-mown grass,—bareheaded.—with the flowing
Of the virginal white vesture gathered closely to her throat;
With the golden ringlets in her neck just quickened by her going,        95
And appearing to breathe sun for air, and doubting if to float,—
With a branch of dewy maple, which her right hand held above her,
And which trembled a green shadow in betwixt her and the skies,
As she turned her face in going, thus, she drew me on to love her,
And to worship the divineness of the smile hid in her eyes.        100
For her eyes alone smile constantly: her lips have serious sweetness,
And her front is calm,—the dimple rarely ripples on her cheek:
But her deep blue eyes smile constantly,—as if they in discreetness
Kept the secret of a happy dream she did not care to speak.
Thus she drew me the first morning, out across into the garden:        105
And I walked among her noble friends, and could not keep behind:
Spake she unto all and unto me,—“Behold, I am the warden
Of the song-birds in these lindens, which are cages to their mind.
“But within this swarded circle, into which the lime-walk brings us,—
Whence the beeches rounded greenly, stand away in reverent fear;        110
I will let no music enter, saving what the fountain sings us,
Which the lilies round the basin may seem pure enough to hear.
“The live air that waves the lilies waves this slender jet of water,
Like a holy thought sent feebly up from soul of fasting saint!
Whereby lies a marble Silence, sleeping! (Lough the sculptor wrought her,)        115
So asleep she is forgetting to say Hush!—a fancy quaint!
“Mark how heavy white her eyelids! not a dream between them lingers!
And the left hand’s index droppeth from the lips upon the cheek:
And the right hand,—with the symbol rose held slack within the fingers,—
Has fallen back within the basin,—yet this Silence will not speak!        120
“That the essential meaning growing may exceed the special symbol,
Is the thought as I conceive it: it applies more high and low.
Our true noblemen will often through right nobleness grow humble,
And assert an inward honor by denying outward show.”
“Nay, your Silence,” said I, “truly holds her symbol rose but slackly,        125
Yet she holds it—or would scarcely be a Silence to our ken!
And your nobles wear their ermine on the outside, or walk blackly
In the presence of the social law, as most ignoble men.
“Let the poets dream such dreaming! Madam, in these British Islands,
’Tis the substance that wanes ever, ’tis the symbol that exceeds;        130
Soon we shall have nought but symbol! and for statues like this Silence,
Shall accept the rose’s image,—in another case, the weed’s.”
“Not so quickly!” she retorted,—“I confess where’er you go, you
Find for things, names;—shows for actions, and pure gold for honor clear;
But when all is run to symbol in the Social, I will throw you        135
The world’s book which now reads dryly, and sit down with Silence here.”
Half in playfulness she spoke, I thought, and half in indignation;
Friends who listened laughed her words off while her lovers deemed her fair;
A fair woman—flushed with feeling, in her noble-lighted station
Near the statue’s white reposing,—and both bathed in sunny air!        140
With the trees round, not so distant but you heard their vernal murmur,
And beheld in light and shadow the leaves in and outward move;
And the little fountain leaping toward the sun-heart to be warmer,
And recoiling in a tremble from the too much light above.
’Tis a picture for remembrance! and thus, morning after morning,        145
Did I follow as she drew me by the spirit to her feet,—
Why, her greyhound followed also! dogs—we both were dogs for scorning,—
To be sent back when she pleased it, and her path lay through the wheat.
And thus, morning after morning, spite of vows and spite of sorrow,
Did I follow at her drawing, while the week-days passed along;        150
Just to feed the swans this noontide, or to see the fawns to-morrow,
Or to teach the hill-side echo some sweet Tuscan in a song.
Ay, for sometimes on the hill-side, while we sat down in the gowans,
With the forest green behind us, and its shadow cast before;
And the river running under; and across it from the rowans        155
A brown partridge whirring near us, till we felt the air it bore,—
There, obedient to her praying, did I read aloud the poems
Made by Tuscan flutes, or instruments more various of our own;
Read the pastoral parts of Spenser,—or the subtle interflowings
Found in Petrarch’s sonnets,—here’s the book—the leaf is folded down!—        160
Or at times a modern volume,—Wordsworth’s solemn-thoughted idyl,
Howitt’s ballad-verse, or Tennyson’s enchanted revery,—
Or from Browning some “Pomegranate,” which, if cut deep down the middle,
Shows a heart within blood-tinctured, of a veined humanity.
Or at times I read there, hoarsely, some new poem of my making,—        165
Poets ever fail in reading their own verses to their worth,—
For the echo in you breaks upon the words which you are speaking,
And the chariot-wheels jar in the gate through which you drive them forth.
After, when we were grown tired of books, the silence round us flinging
A slow arm of sweet compression, felt with beatings at the breast,        170
She would break out on a sudden, in a gush of woodland singing,
Like a child’s emotion in a god,—a naiad tired of rest.
Oh, to see or hear her singing! scarce I know which is divinest,—
For her looks sing too,—she modulates her gestures on the tune;
And her mouth stirs with the song, like song; and when the notes are finest,        175
’Tis the eyes that shoot out vocal light, and seem to swell them on.
Then we talked,—oh, how we talked! her voice, so cadenced in the talking,
Made another singing—of the soul! a music without bars,—
While the leafy sounds of woodlands, humming round where we were walking,
Brought interposition worthy sweet,—as skies about the stars.        180
And she spake such good thoughts natural, as if she always thought them,—
And had sympathies so rapid, open, free as bird on branch,
Just as ready to fly east as west, whichever way besought them,
In the birchen wood a chirrup, or a cock-crow in the grange.
In her utmost rightness there is truth,—and often she speaks lightly,        185
Has a grace in being gay, which even mournful souls approve,
For the root of some grave earnest thought is under-struck so rightly,
As to justify the foliage and the waving flowers above.
And she talked on,—we talked, rather! upon all things—substance—shadow—
Of the sheep that browsed the grasses,—of the reapers in the corn,—        190
Of the little children from the schools, seen winding through the meadow,—
Of the poor rich world beyond them, still kept poorer by its scorn.
So of men, and so of letters,—books are men of higher stature,
And the only men that speak aloud for future times to hear:
So, of mankind in the abstract, which grows slowly into nature,        195
Yet will lift the cry of “progress,” as it trod from sphere to sphere.
And her custom was to praise me when I said,—“The Age culls simples,
With a broad clown’s back turned broadly to the glory of the stars—
We are gods by our own reck’ning,—and may well shut up the temples,
And wield on, amid the incense-steam, the thunder of our cars.        200
“For we throw out acclamations of self-thanking, self-admiring,
With, at every mile run faster,—‘O the wondrous, wondrous age!’
Little thinking if we work our SOULS as nobly as our iron,
Or if angels will commend us at the goal of pilgrimage.
“Why, what is this patient entrance into nature’s deep resources,        205
But the child’s most gradual learning to walk upright without bane?
When we drive out from the cloud of steam, majestical white horses,
Are we greater than the first men who led black ones by the mane?
“If we trod the deeps of ocean, if we struck the stars in rising,
If we wrapped the globe intensely with one hot electric breath,        210
’Twere but power within our tether,—no new spirit-power comprising,
And in life we were not greater men, nor bolder men in death.”
She was patient with my talking; and I loved her, loved her certes,
As I loved all Heavenly objects, with uplifted eyes and hands!
As I loved pure inspirations,—loved the graces, loved the virtues,        215
In a Love content with writing his own name on desert sands.
Or at least I thought so purely!—thought no idiot Hope was raising
Any crown to crown Love’s silence,—silent Love that sat alone,—
Out, alas! the stag is like me,—he, that tries to go on grazing
With the great deep gun-wound in his neck, then reels with sudden moan.        220
It was thus I reeled! I told you that her hand had many suitors—
But she smiles them down imperially, as Venus did the waves;—
And with such a gracious coldness, that they cannot press their futures
On the present of her courtesy, which yieldingly enslaves.
And this morning, as I sat alone within the inner chamber,        225
With the great saloon beyond it lost in pleasant thought serene,—
For I had been reading Camoens—that poem you remember,
Which his lady’s eyes are praised in, as the sweetest ever seen;
And the book lay open, and my thought flew from it, taking from it
A vibration and impulsion to an end beyond its own,        230
As the branch of a green osier, when a child would overcome it,
Springs up freely from his clasping and goes swinging in the sun.
As I mused I heard a murmur,—it grew deep as it grew longer—
Speakers using earnest language,—“Lady Geraldine, you would!”
And I heard a voice that pleaded ever on, in accents stronger,        235
As a sense of reason gave it power to make its rhetoric good.
Well I knew that voice,—it was an earl’s, of soul that matched his station—
Soul completed into lordship,—might and right read on his brow:
Very finely courteous,—far too proud to doubt his domination
Of the common people,—he atones for grandeur by a bow.        240
High, straight forehead, nose of eagle, cold blue eyes, of less expression
Than resistance, coldly casting off the looks of other men,
As steel, arrows,—unelastic lips, which seem to taste possession,
And be cautious lest the common air should injure or distrain.
For the rest, accomplished, upright,—ay, and standing by his order        245
With a bearing not ungraceful; fond of art, and letters too;
Just a good man made a proud man, as the sandy rocks that border
A wild coast, by circumstances, in a regnant ebb and flow.
Thus I knew that voice,—I heard it—and I could not help the hearkening:
In the room I stood up blindly, and my burning heart within        250
Seemed to seethe and fuse my senses, till they ran on all sides darkening,
And scorchèd, weighed like melted metal round my feet that stood therein.
And that voice, I heard it pleading, for love’s sake,—for wealth, position,
For the sake of liberal uses, and great actions to be done,—
And she interrupted gently, “Nay, my lord, the old tradition        255
Of your Normans, by some worthier hand than mine is, should be won.”
“Ah, that white hand,” he said quickly,—and in his he either drew it
Or attempted—for with gravity and instance she replied,—
“Nay, indeed, my lord, this talk is vain, and we had best eschew it,
And pass on like friends, to other points less easy to decide.”        260
What he said again, I know not. It is likely that his trouble
Worked his pride up to the surface, for she answered in slow scorn,—
“And your lordship judges rightly. Whom I marry, shall be noble,
Ay, and wealthy. I shall never blush to think how he was born.”
There, I maddened! her words stung me! Life swept through me into fever,        265
And my soul sprang up astonished; sprang full-statured in an hour:
Know you what it is when, anguish, with apocalyptic NEVER,
To a Pythian height dilates you,—and despair sublimes to power?
From my brain the soul-wings budded!—waved a flame about my body,
Whence conventions coiled to ashes: I felt self-drawn out, as man,        270
From amalgamate false natures; and I saw the skies grow ruddy
With the deepening feet of angels, and I knew what spirits can.
I was mad,—inspired,—say either! anguish worketh inspiration,—
Was a man or beast—perhaps so; for the tiger roars when speared;
And I walked on, step by step, along the level of my passion—        275
Oh my soul! and passed the doorway to her face, and never feared.
He had left her,—peradventure, when my footstep proved my coming,—
But for her,—she half arose, then sat—grew scarlet and grew pale:
Oh she trembled!—’tis so always with a worldly man or woman
In the presence of true spirits,—what else can they do but quail?        280
Oh, she fluttered like a tame bird, in among its forest brothers
Far too strong for it! then drooping, bowed her face upon her hands,—
And I spake out wildly, fiercely, brutal truths of her and others!
I, she planted in the desert, swathed her, windlike, with my sands.
I plucked up her social fictions, bloody-rooted though leaf-verdant,        285
Trod them down with words of shaming,—all the purple and the gold,
All the “landed stakes” and lordships,—all that spirits pure and ardent
Are cast out of love and honor because chancing not to hold.
“For myself I do not argue,” said I, “though I love you, madam;
But for better souls that nearer to the height of yours have trod.        290
And this age shows to my thinking, still more infidels to Adam,
Than directly, by profession, simple infidels to God.
“Yet, O God,” I said, “O grave,” I said, “O mother’s heart and bosom,
With whom first and last are equal, saint and corpse and little child!
We are fools to your deductions, in these figments of heart-closing!        295
We are traitors to your causes, in these sympathies defiled!
“Learn more reverence, madam, not for rank or wealth,—that needs no learning;
That comes quickly—quick as sin does, ay, and culminates to sin;
But for Adam’s seed, MAN! Trust me, ’tis a clay above your scorning,
With God’s image stamped upon it, and God’s kindling breath within.        300
“What right have you, madam, gazing in your palace-mirror daily,
Getting so by heart your beauty, which all others must adore,
While you draw the golden ringlets down your fingers, to vow gayly
You will wed no man that’s only good to God,—and nothing more?
“Why, what right have you, made fair by that same God,—the sweetest woman        305
Of all women He has fashioned,—with your lovely spirit-face,
Which would seem too near to vanish if its smile were not so human,
And your voice of holy sweetness, turning common words to grace,
“What right can you have, God’s other works to scorn, despise, revile them
In the gross, as mere men, broadly,—not as noble men, forsooth,—        310
As mere Pariahs of the outer world, forbidden to assoil them
In the hope of living, dying, near that sweetness of your mouth?
“Have you any answer, madam? If my spirit were less earthly,
If its instrument were gifted with a better silver string,
I would kneel down where I stand, and say,—Behold me! I am worthy        315
Of thy loving, for I love thee! I am worthy as a king.
“As it is,—your ermined pride, I swear, shall feel this stain upon her,—
That I, poor, weak, tost with passion, scorned by me and you again,
Love you, Madam,—dare to love you,—to my grief and your dishonor,—
To my endless desolation, and your impotent disdain!”        320
More mad words like these,—more madness! friend, I need not write them fuller;
And I hear my hot soul dropping on the lines in showers of tears—
Oh, a woman! friend, a woman! Why, a beast had scarce been duller
Than roar bestial loud complaints against the shining of the spheres.
But at last there came a pause. I stood all vibrating with thunder        325
Which my soul had used. The silence drew her face up like a call.
Could you guess what word she uttered? She looked up, as if in wonder,
With tears beaded on her lashes, and said “Bertram!” it was all.
If she had cursed me,—and she might have,—or if even, with queenly bearing
Which at needs is used by women, she had risen up and said,        330
“Sir, you are my guest, and therefore I have given you a full hearing,—
Now, beseech you, choose a name exacting somewhat less instead,”—
I had borne it!—but that “Bertram”—why it lies there on the paper,
A mere word, without her accent,—and you cannot judge the weight
Of the calm which crushed my passion! I seemed drowning in a vapor,—        335
And her gentleness destroyed me whom her scorn made desolate.
So, struck backward and exhausted by that inward flow of passion
Which had rushed on, sparing nothing, into forms of abstract truth,
With a logic agonizing through unseemly demonstration,
And with youth’s own anguish turning grimly gray the hairs of youth,—        340
By the sense accursed and instant, that if even I spake wisely,
I spake basely,—using truth,—if what I spake indeed was true,—
To avenge wrong on a woman,—her, who sat there weighing nicely
A full manhood’s worth, found guilty of such deeds as I could do!—
With such wrong and woe exhausted—what I suffered and occasioned,—        345
As a wild horse through a city runs with lightning in his eyes,
And then dashing at a church’s cold and passive wall, impassioned,
Strikes the death into his burning brain, and blindly drops and dies,—
So I fell, struck down before her! Do you blame me friend, for weakness?
’Twas my strength of passion slew me!—fell before her like a stone;        350
Fast the dreadful world rolled from me, on its roaring wheels of blackness!
When the light came I was lying in this chamber—and alone.
Oh, of course, she charged her lackeys to bear out the sickly burden,
And to cast it from her scornful sight,—but not beyond the gate—
She was too kind to be cruel, and too haughty not to pardon        355
Such a man as I,—’twere something to be level to her hate.
But for me,—you now are conscious why, my friend, I write this letter,
How my life is read all backward, and the charm of life undone!
I shall leave her house at dawn;—I would to-night, if I were better;—
And I charge my soul to hold my body strengthened for the sun.        360
When the sun has dyed the oriel, I depart with no last gazes,
No weak moanings—one word only left in writing for her hands,
Out of reach of all derision, and some unavailing praises,
To make front against this anguish in the far and foreign lands.
Blame me not, I would not squander life in grief;—I am abstemious:        365
I but nurse my spirit’s falcon, that its wings may soar again:
There’s no room for tears of weakness in the blind eyes of a Phemius:
Into work the poet kneads them,—and he does not die till then.
Bertram finished the last pages, while along the silence ever
Still in hot and heavy splashes, fell the tears on every leaf:        370
Having ended, he leans backward in his chair, with lips that quiver
From the deep unspoken, ay, and deep unwritten thoughts of grief.
Soh! how still the lady standeth! ’tis a dream!—a dream of mercies!
’Twixt the purple lattice-curtains, how she standeth still and pale!
’Tis a vision, sure, of mercies, sent to soften his self-curses—        375
Sent to sweep a patient quiet o’er the tossing of his wail.
“Eyes,” he said, “now throbbing through me! are ye eyes that did undo me?
Shining eyes, like antique jewels set in Parian statue-stone!
Underneath that calm white forehead, are ye ever burning torrid
O’er the desolate sand-desert of my heart and life undone?”        380
With a murmurous stir uncertain, in the air, the purple curtain
Swelleth in and swelleth out around her motionless pale brows;
While the gliding of the river sends a rippling noise forever
Through the open casement whitened by the moonlight’s slant repose.
Said he—“Vision of a lady! stand there silent, stand there steady!        385
Now I see it plainly, plainly; now I cannot hope or doubt—
There, the brows of mild repression,—there, the lips of silent passion,
Curved like an archer’s bow to send the bitter arrows out.”
Ever, evermore the while in a slow silence she kept smiling,
And approached him slowly, slowly, in a gliding measured pace;        390
With her two white hands extended, as if praying one offended,
And a look of supplication, gazing earnest in his face.
Said he,—“Wake me by no gesture,—sound of breath, or stir of vesture;
Let the blessèd apparition melt not yet to its divine!
No approaching,—hush! no breathing! or my heart must swoon to death in        395
That too utter life thou bringest—O thou dream of Geraldine!”
Ever, evermore the while in a slow silence she kept smiling—
But the tears ran over lightly from her eyes, and tenderly;
“Dost thou, Bertram, truly love me? Is no woman far above me
Found more worthy of thy poet-heart than such a one as I?”        400
Said he—“I would dream so ever, like the flowing of that river,
Flowing ever in a shadow greenly onward to the sea;
So, thou vision of all sweetness—princely to a full completeness,—
Would my heart and life flow onward—deathward—through this dream of THEE!”
Ever, evermore the while in slow silence she kept smiling,        405
While the silver tears ran faster down the blushing of her cheeks;
Then with both her hands enfolding both of his, she softly told him,
“Bertram, if I say I love thee,… ’tis the vision only speaks.”
Softened, quickened to adore her, on his knee he fell before her,—
And she whispered low in triumph,—“It shall be as I have sworn!        410
Very rich he is in virtues,—very noble—noble, certes;
And I shall not blush in knowing that men call him lowly born!”

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