| The Sayings of Confucius.|
The Harvard Classics. 190914.
| ||THE MASTER said: In learning and straightway practising is there not pleasure also? When friends gather round from afar do we not rejoice? Whom lack of fame cannot vex is not he a gentleman?|
| || Yu-tzu 1 said: A dutiful son and brother is seldom fond of thwarting those over him: a man unwilling to thwart those over him is never given to crime. A gentleman nurses the roots: when the root has taken, the truth will grow; and what are the roots of love, but the duty of son and of brother?|
| || The Master said: Honeyed words and flattering looks seldom speak of love.|
| || Tseng-tzu 2 said: Thrice daily I ask myself: Have I been unfaithful in dealing for others? Have I been untrue to friends? Do I practise what I preach?|
| || The Master said: To guide a land of a thousand chariots, honour business, be true and sparing, love the people, and time thy claims upon them.|
| || The Master said: The young should be dutiful at home, modest abroad, heedful and true, full of goodwill for the many, close friends with love; and should they have strength to spare, let them spend it upon the arts.|
| || Tzu-hsia 3 said: If a man honour worth and forsake lust, serve father and mother with all his strength, be ready to give his life for the king, and keep faith with his friends; though men may call him rude, I call him learned.|
| || The Master said: Of a gentleman who is frivolous none stand in awe, nor can his learning be sound. Make faithfulness and truth thy masters: have no friends unlike thyself: be not ashamed to mend thy faults.|
| || Tseng-tzu 4 said: Respect death and recall forefathers, the good in men will again grow sturdy.|
| || Tzu-ch´in 5 said to Tzu-kung 6: The Master, on coming to a country, learns all about the government: does he ask, or is it told him?|
Tzu-kung said: The Master learns it by his warmth and honesty, by politeness, modesty, and yielding. The way that the Master asks is unlike other mens asking.
| || The Master said: As long as his father lives a son should study his wishes; after he is dead, he should study his life. If for three years he do not forsake his fathers ways, he may be called dutiful.|
| || Yu-tzu 7 said: In daily courtesy ease is of price. This was the beauty of the old kings ways; this they followed in small and great. But knowing this, it is not right to give way to ease, unchecked by courtesy. This also is wrong.|
| || Yu-tzu said: If promises hug the right, word can be kept: if attentions are bounded by courtesy, shame will be banished: heroes may be worshipped, if we choose them aright.|
| || The Master said: A gentleman who is not a greedy eater, nor a lover of ease at home, who is earnest in deed and careful of speech, who seeks the righteous and profits by them, may be called fond of learning.|
| || Tzu-kung said: Poor, but no flatterer; rich, but not proud. How were that?|
Good, said the Master; but better still were poor, yet merry; rich, yet courteous.
Tzu-kung said: Where the poem says:
is that what is meant?
| ||If ye cut, if ye file,|
|If ye polish and grind;|
The Master said: Now I can talk of poetry to thee, Tz´u. Given a clue, thou canst find the way.
| || The Master said: Not to be known should not grieve you: grieve that ye know not men.|