Reference > William Shakespeare > The Oxford Shakespeare > Othello
William Shakespeare (1564–1616).  The Oxford Shakespeare.  1914.
Othello, the Moor of Venice
Act V. Scene II.
A Bedchamber in the Castle.  DESDEMONA in bed asleep.  A light burning.
  Oth.  It is the cause, it is the cause, my soul;
Let me not name it to you, you chaste stars!
It is the cause. Yet I’ll not shed her blood,        5
Nor scar that whiter skin of hers than snow,
And smooth as monumental alabaster.
Yet she must die, else she’ll betray more men.
Put out the light, and then put out the light:
If I quench thee, thou flaming minister,        10
I can again thy former light restore,
Should I repent me; but once put out thy light,
Thou cunning’st pattern of excelling nature,
I know not where is that Promethean heat
That can thy light relume. When I have pluck’d the rose,        15
I cannot give it vital growth again,
It needs must wither: I’ll smell it on the tree.  [Kisses her.
O balmy breath, that dost almost persuade
Justice to break her sword! One more, one more.
Be thus when thou art dead, and I will kill thee,        20
And love thee after. One more, and this the last:
So sweet was ne’er so fatal. I must weep,
But they are cruel tears; this sorrow’s heavenly,
It strikes where it doth love. She wakes.
  Des.  Who’s there? Othello?        25
  Oth.        Ay, Desdemona.
  Des.  Will you come to bed, my lord?
  Oth.  Have you pray’d to-night, Desdemona?
  Des.        Ay, my lord.
  Oth.  If you bethink yourself of any crime        30
Unreconcil’d as yet to heaven and grace,
Solicit for it straight.
  Des.  Alas! my lord, what may you mean by that?
  Oth.  Well, do it, and be brief; I will walk by:
I would not kill thy unprepared spirit;        35
No; heaven forfend! I would not kill thy soul.
  Des.  Talk you of killing?
  Oth.        Ay, I do.
  Des.                Then heaven
Have mercy on me!        40
  Oth.        Amen! with all my heart.
  Des.  If you say so, I hope you will not kill me.
  Oth.  Hum!
  Des.  And yet I fear you; for you are fatal then
When your eyes roll so. Why I should fear I know not,        45
Since guiltiness I know not; but yet I feel I fear.
  Oth.  Think on thy sins.
  Des.        They are loves I bear to you.
  Oth.  Ay, and for that thou diest.
  Des.  That death’s unnatural that kills for loving.        50
Alas! why gnaw you so your nether lip?
Some bloody passion shakes your very frame;
These are portents, but yet, I hope, I hope
They do not point on me.
  Oth.        Peace, and be still!        55
  Des.  I will so. What’s the matter?
  Oth.  That handkerchief which I so lov’d and gave thee
Thou gav’st to Cassio.
  Des.        No, by my life and soul!
Send for the man and ask him.        60
  Oth.        Sweet soul, take heed,
Take heed of perjury; thou’rt on thy death-bed.
  Des.  Ay, but not yet to die.
  Oth.        Yes, presently;
Therefore confess thee freely of thy sin;        65
For to deny each article with oath
Cannot remove nor choke the strong conception
That I do groan withal. Thou art to die.
  Des.  Then Lord have mercy on me!
  Oth.        I say, amen.        70
  Des.  And have you mercy too! I never did
Offend you in my life; never lov’d Cassio
But with such general warranty of heaven
As I might love; I never gave him token.
  Oth.  By heaven, I saw my handkerchief in ’s hand.        75
O perjur’d woman! thou dost stone my heart,
And mak’st me call what I intend to do
A murder, which I thought a sacrifice:
I saw the handkerchief.
  Des.        He found it then;        80
I never gave it him. Send for him hither;
Let him confess a truth.
  Oth.        He hath confess’d.
  Des.  What, my lord?
  Oth.  That he hath us’d thee.        85
  Des.        How? unlawfully?
  Oth.  Ay.
  Des.        He will not say so.
  Oth.                No; his mouth is stopp’d:
Honest Iago hath ta’en order for ’t.        90
  Des.  O! my fear interprets. What! is he dead?
  Oth.  Had all his hairs been lives, my great revenge
Had stomach for them all.
  Des.  Alas! he is betray’d and I undone.
  Oth.  Out, strumpet! Weep’st thou for him to my face?        95
  Des.  O! banish me, my lord, but kill me not!
  Oth.  Down, strumpet!
  Des.  Kill me to-morrow; let me live to-night!
  Oth.  Nay, if you strive,—
  Des.  But half an hour!        100
  Oth.        Being done, there is no pause.
  Des.  But while I say one prayer!
  Oth.        It is too late.  [He smothers her.
  Emil.  [Within.]  My lord, my lord! what, ho! my lord, my lord!
  Oth.  What noise is this? Not dead? not yet quite dead?        105
I that am cruel am yet merciful;
I would not have thee linger in thy pain.
So, so.
  Emil.  [Within.]  What, ho! my lord, my lord!
  Oth.        Who’s there?        110
  Emil.  [Within.]  O! good my lord, I would speak a word with you!
  Oth.  Yes; ’tis Emilia: by and by. She’s dead.
’Tis like she comes to speak of Cassio’s death;
The noise was high. Ha! no more moving?
Still as the grave. Shall she come in? Were ’t good?        115
I think she stirs again: no. What’s best to do?
If she come in she’ll sure speak to my wife:
My wife! my wife! what wife? I have no wife:
O, insupportable! O heavy hour!
Methinks it should be now a huge eclipse        120
Of sun and moon, and that the affrighted globe
Should yawn at alteration.
  Emil.        [Within.]  I do beseech you
That I may speak with you, O! good my lord.
  Oth.  I had forgot thee: O! come in, Emilia:        125
Soft, by and by: let me the curtains draw.
Where art thou?  [Unlocks the door.
        What’s the matter with thee now?
  Emil.  O! my good lord, yonder’s foul murder done.        130
  Oth.  What! now?
  Emil.        But now, my lord.
  Oth.  It is the very error of the moon;
She comes more near the earth than she was wont,
And makes men mad.        135
  Emil.  Cassio, my lord, has kill’d a young Venetian
Call’d Roderigo.
  Oth.        Roderigo kill’d!
And Cassio kill’d?
  Emil.        No, Cassio is not kill’d.        140
  Oth.  Not Cassio kill’d! then murder’s out of tune,
And sweet revenge grows harsh.
  Des.  O! falsely, falsely murder’d.
  Emil.        Alas! what cry is that?
  Oth.  That! what?        145
  Emil.  Out, and alas! that was my lady’s voice:
Help! Help, ho! help! O lady, speak again!
Sweet Desdemona! O! sweet mistress, speak.
  Des.  A guiltless death I die.
  Emil.  O! who hath done this deed?        150
  Des.  Nobody; I myself; farewell:
Commend me to my kind lord. O! farewell!  [Dies.
  Oth.  Why, how should she be murder’d?
  Emil.        Alas! who knows?
  Oth.  You heard her say herself it was not I.        155
  Emil.  She said so; I must needs report the truth.
  Oth.  She’s like a liar gone to burning hell;
’Twas I that kill’d her.
  Emil.        O! the more angel she,
And you the blacker devil.        160
  Oth.  She turn’d to folly, and she was a whore.
  Emil.  Thou dost belie her, and thou art a devil.
  Oth.  She was false as water.
  Emil.        Thou art rash as fire to say
That she was false: O! she was heavenly true.        165
  Oth.  Cassio did tup her; ask thy husband else.
O! I were damn’d beneath all depth in hell
But that I did proceed upon just grounds
To this extremity. Thy husband knew it all.
  Emil.  My husband!        170
  Oth.  Thy husband.
  Emil.  That she was false to wedlock?
  Oth.  Ay, with Cassio. Nay, had she been true,
If heaven would make me such another world
Of one entire and perfect chrysolite,        175
I’d not have sold her for it.
  Emil.  My husband!
  Oth.        Ay, ’twas he that told me first:
An honest man he is, and hates the slime
That sticks on filthy deeds.        180
  Emil.        My husband!
  Oth.  What needs this iterance, woman? I say thy husband.
  Emil.  O mistress! villany hath made mocks with love.
My husband say that she was false!
  Oth.        He, woman;        185
I say, thy husband: dost understand the word?
My friend, thy husband, honest, honest Iago.
  Emil.  If he say so, may his pernicious soul
Rot half a grain a day! he lies to the heart:
She was too fond of her most filthy bargain.        190
  Oth.  Ha!
  Emil.  Do thy worst:
This deed of thine is no more worthy heaven
Than thou wast worthy her.
  Oth.        Peace! you were best.        195
  Emil.  Thou hast not half the power to do me harm
As I have to be hurt. O gull! O dolt!
As ignorant as dirt! thou hast done a deed,—
I care not for thy sword; I’ll make thee known,
Though I lost twenty lives. Help! help, ho! help!        200
The Moor has kill’d my mistress! Murder! murder!
Enter MONTANO, GRATIANO, IAGO, and Others.
  Mon.  What is the matter? How now, general!
  Emil.  O! are you come, Iago? you have done well,
That men must lay their murders on your neck.        205
  Gra.  What is the matter?
  Emil.  Disprove this villain if thou be’st a man:
He says thou told’st him that his wife was false.
I know thou didst not, thou’rt not such a villain.
Speak, for my heart is full.        210
  Iago.  I told him what I thought, and told no more
Than what he found himself was apt and true.
  Emil.  But did you ever tell him she was false?
  Iago.  I did.
  Emil.  You told a lie, an odious damned lie;        215
Upon my soul, a lie, a wicked lie.
She false with Cassio! Did you say with Cassio?
  Iago.  With Cassio, mistress. Go to, charm your tongue.
  Emil.  I will not charm my tongue; I am bound to speak.
My mistress here lies murder’d in her bed.        220
  All.  O heavens forfend!
  Emil.  And your reports have set the murder on.
  Oth.  Nay, stare not, masters; it is true, indeed.
  Gra.  ’Tis a strange truth.
  Mon.  O monstrous act!        225
  Emil.        Villany! villany! villany!
I think upon ’t, I think, I smell ’t; O villany!
I thought so then; I’ll kill myself for grief.
O! villany, villany!
  Iago.  What! are you mad? I charge you, get you home.        230
  Emil.  Good gentlemen, let me have leave to speak:
’Tis proper I obey him, but not now.
Perchance, Iago, I will ne’er go home.
  Oth.  O! O! O!  [Falls on the bed.
  Emil.        Nay, lay thee down and roar,        235
For thou hast kill’d the sweetest innocent
That e’er did lift up eye.
  Oth.        O! she was foul.
I scarce did know you, uncle. There lies your niece,
Whose breath, indeed, these hands have newly stopp’d:        240
I know this act shows terrible and grim.
  Gra.  Poor Desdemona! I am glad thy father’s dead.
Thy match was mortal to him, and pure grief
Shore his old thread in twain: did he live now,
This sight would make him do a desperate turn,        245
Yea, curse his better angel from his side,
And fall to reprobation.
  Oth.  ’Tis pitiful; but yet Iago knows
That she with Cassio hath the act of shame
A thousand times committed; Cassio confess’d it:        250
And she did gratify his amorous works
With that recognizance and pledge of love
Which I first gave her. I saw it in his hand:
It was a handkerchief, an antique token
My father gave my mother.        255
  Emil.  O heaven! O heavenly powers!
  Iago.        Come, hold your peace.
  Emil.  ’Twill out, ’twill out; I hold my peace, sir? no;
No, I will speak as liberal as the north;
Let heaven and men and devils, let them all,        260
All, all, cry shame against me, yet I’ll speak.
  Iago.  Be wise, and get you home.
  Emil.        I will not.  [IAGO offers to stab EMILIA.
  Gra.                Fie!
Your sword upon a woman?        265
  Emil.  O thou dull Moor! that handkerchief thou speak’st of
I found by fortune and did give my husband;
For often, with a solemn earnestness,
More than, indeed, belong’d to such a trifle,
He begg’d of me to steal it.        270
  Iago.        Villanous whore!
  Emil.  She give it Cassio! no, alas! I found it,
And I did give ’t my husband.
  Iago.        Filth, thou liest!
  Emil.  By heaven, I do not, I do not, gentlemen.        275
O murderous coxcomb! what should such a fool
Do with so good a wife?
  Oth.        Are there no stones in heaven
But what serve for the thunder? Precious villain!  [He runs at IAGO.  IAGO stabs EMILIA, and exit.
  Gra.  The woman falls: sure, he has kill’d his wife.        280
  Emil.  Ay, ay; O! lay me by my mistress’ side.
  Gra.  He’s gone; but his wife’s kill’d.
  Mon.  ’Tis a notorious villain. Take you this weapon,
Which I have here recover’d from the Moor.
Come, guard the door without; let him not pass,        285
But kill him rather. I’ll after that same villain,
For ’tis a damned slave.  [Exeunt MONTANO and GRATIANO.
  Oth.        I am not valiant neither,
But every puny whipster gets my sword.
But why should honour outlive honesty?        290
Let it go all.
  Emil.        What did thy song bode, lady?
Hark, canst thou hear me? I will play the swan,
And die in music:—
Willow, willow, willow.
Moor, she was chaste; she lov’d thee, cruel Moor;        295
So come my soul to bliss as I speak true;
So speaking as I think, I die, I die.  [Dies.
  Oth.  I have another weapon in this chamber;
It is a sword of Spain, the ice brook’s temper.
O! here it is. Uncle, I must come forth.        300
  Gra.  [Within.]  If thou attempt it, it will cost thee dear:
Thou hast no weapon, and perforce must suffer.
  Oth.  Look in upon me then, and speak with me,
Or, naked as I am, I will assault thee.
Re-enter GRATIANO.
  Gra.  What is the matter?
  Oth.        Behold! I have a weapon;
A better never did itself sustain
Upon a soldier’s thigh: I have seen the day,
That with this little arm, and this good sword,        310
I have made my way through more impediments
Than twenty times your stop: but, O vain boast!
Who can control his fate? ’tis not so now.
Be not afraid, though you do see me weapon’d;
Here is my journey’s end, here is my butt,        315
And very sea-mark of my utmost sail.
Do you go back dismay’d? ’tis a lost fear;
Man but a rush against Othello’s breast,
And he retires. Where should Othello go?
Now how dost thou look now? O ill-starr’d wench!        320
Pale as thy smock! when we shall meet at compt,
This look of thine will hurl my soul from heaven,
And fiends will snatch at it. Cold, cold, my girl!
Even like thy chastity.
O! cursed, cursed slave. Whip me, ye devils,        325
From the possession of this heavenly sight!
Blow me about in winds! roast me in sulphur!
Wash me in steep-down gulfs of liquid fire!
O Desdemona! Desdemona! dead!
Oh! Oh! Oh!        330
Enter LODOVICO, MONTANO, CASSIO carried in a chair, and Officers with IAGO, prisoner.
  Lod.  Where is this rash and most unfortunate man?
  Oth.  That’s he that was Othello; here I am.
  Lod.  Where is that viper? bring the villain forth.
  Oth.  I look down towards his feet; but that’s a fable.        335
If that thou be’st a devil, I cannot kill thee.  [Wounds IAGO.
  Lod.  Wrench his sword from him.
  Iago.        I bleed, sir; but not kill’d.
  Oth.  I am not sorry neither; I’d have thee live;
For, in my sense, ’tis happiness to die.        340
  Lod.  O thou Othello! that wert once so good,
Fall’n in the practice of a damned slave,
What shall be said to thee?
  Oth.        Why, any thing:
An honourable murderer, if you will;        345
For nought did I in hate, but all in honour.
  Lod.  This wretch hath part confess’d his villany:
Did you and he consent in Cassio’s death?
  Oth.  Ay.
  Cas.  Dear general, I never gave you cause.        350
  Oth.  I do believe it, and I ask your pardon.
Will you, I pray, demand that demi-devil
Why he hath thus ensnar’d my soul and body?
  Iago.  Demand me nothing: what you know, you know:
From this time forth I never will speak word.        355
  Lod.  What! not to pray?
  Gra.        Torments will ope your lips.
  Oth.  Well, thou dost best.
  Lod.  Sir, you shall understand what hath befall’n,
Which, as I think, you know not. Here is a letter        360
Found in the pocket of the slain Roderigo,
And here another; the one of them imports
The death of Cassio to be undertook
By Roderigo.
  Oth.  O villain!        365
  Cas.        Most heathenish and most gross!
  Lod.  Now here’s another discontented paper,
Found in his pocket too; and this, it seems,
Roderigo meant to have sent this damned villain,
But that, belike, Iago in the interim        370
Came in and satisfied him.
  Oth.        O the pernicious caitiff!
How came you, Cassio, by that handkerchief
That was my wife’s?
  Cas.        I found it in my chamber;        375
And he himself confess’d but even now
That there he dropp’d it for a special purpose
Which wrought to his desire.
  Oth.        O fool! fool! fool!
  Cas.  There is besides in Roderigo’s letter        380
How he upbraids Iago that he made him
Brave me upon the watch; whereon it came
That I was cast: and even but now he spake,
After long seeming dead, Iago hurt him,
Iago set him on.        385
  Lod.  You must forsake this room and go with us;
Your power and your command is taken off,
And Cassio rules in Cyprus. For this slave,
If there be any cunning cruelty
That can torment him much and hold him long,        390
It shall be his. You shall close prisoner rest.
Till that the nature of your fault be known
To the Venetian state. Come, bring him away.
  Oth.  Soft you; a word or two before you go.
I have done the state some service, and they know ’t;        395
No more of that. I pray you, in your letters,
When you shall these unlucky deeds relate,
Speak of me as I am; nothing extenuate,
Nor set down aught in malice: then, must you speak
Of one that lov’d not wisely but too well;        400
Of one not easily jealous, but, being wrought,
Perplex’d in the extreme; of one whose hand,
Like the base Indian, threw a pearl away
Richer than all his tribe; of one whose subdu’d eyes
Albeit unused to the melting mood,        405
Drop tears as fast as the Arabian trees
Their med’cinable gum. Set you down this;
And say besides, that in Aleppo once,
Where a malignant and a turban’d Turk
Beat a Venetian and traduc’d the state,        410
I took by the throat the circumcised dog,
And smote him thus.  [Stabs himself.
  Lod.  O bloody period!
  Gra.        All that’s spoke is marr’d.
  Oth.  I kiss’d thee ere I kill’d thee; no way but this,  [Falling upon DESDEMONA.        415
Killing myself to die upon a kiss.  [Dies.
  Cas.  This did I fear, but thought he had no weapon;
For he was great of heart.
  Lod.        [To IAGO.]  O Spartan dog!
More fell than anguish, hunger, or the sea.        420
Look on the tragic loading of this bed;
This is thy work; the object poisons sight;
Let it be hid. Gratiano, keep the house,
And seize upon the fortunes of the Moor,
For they succeed on you. To you, lord governor,        425
Remains the censure of this hellish villain,
The time, the place, the torture; O! enforce it.
Myself will straight aboard, and to the state
This heavy act with heavy heart relate.  [Exeunt.

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