Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Chalk.

 Chaldee’s (Kal-dees).Chalk and Cheese. 
E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
I’ll chalk out your path for youi.e. lay it down or plan it out as a carpenter or ship-builder plans out his work with a piece of chalk.   1
   I can walk a chalk as well as you. I am no more drunk than you are. The allusion is to the ordeal on board ship of trying men suspected of drunkenness. They were required to walk along a line chalked on the deck, without deviating to the right or left.   2
   The tapster is undone by chalk, i.e. credit. The allusion is to scoring up credit on a tally with chalk. This was common enough early in the nineteenth century, when milk scores, bread scores, as well as beer scores were general.   3
   Chalk it up. Put it to his credit.   4
        As good-humoured sarcasm, Chalk it up! is tantamount to saying, “What you have done so astonishes me that I must make some more or less permanent record of it.”

 Chaldee’s (Kal-dees).Chalk and Cheese. 


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