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What are the benefits that individuals may obtain from biodiversity?

Expert Answer

Biodiversity refers to the variety and variability. Biodiversity measures variation at the genetic, species and ecosystem level. It is very important to maintain the balance in nature.

Biodiversity describes the variety of living beings on earth. It encompasses microorganisms, plants, animals and ecosystems such as coral reefs, forests, rainforests, deserts, etc. Biodiversity also refers to the abundance of different species living within a definite region. It represents the wealth of biological resources available to us. It’s all about sustaining the natural area made up of community of plants, animals, and other living things that is being reduced at a steady rate due to human activities.

Biodiversity is beneficial in many ways. Some of the reasons are as follows:

  • It helps to maintain and balance the nature.
  • Some species of biodiversity are the source of food and new genetic traits.
  • It plays a significant role in the formation of medicines for treatment of deadly diseases. Biodiversity has many plants and animals that possess medicinal value.
  • The biodiversity hotspots possess aesthetic value and many people enjoy outdoor activities in these hotspots.
  • Biological sources provide many industrial materials like fiber, oil, dyes, rubber, water, timber, paper and food.
  • Most of the human food supply comes from different kinds of plants. So biodiversity provides for variety of foods.