Solution/Answer: Chapter 1 – Problem 10MC – Human Anatomy & Physiology, 10th Edition

Human Anatomy & Physiology Cover 9780321927040To determine

The anatomical terminologies applied to the backside of the body among the following:

(a) Ventral; anterior

(b) Back; rear

(c) Posterior; dorsal

(d) Medial; lateral

Solution:

(c) Posterior; dorsal: A term that can be used for referring to the backside of the body in the anatomical position is dorsal or posterior.

Explanation:

Anatomy is the study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts and their relationships to one another and it is assumed that body is in standard position, when standing straight with palms facing the forward direction is called anatomical position. The anatomical terminologies are used to describe the body directions, planes and the surfaces of the body. The body anatomy is described using anatomical directional and regional terms.

Anatomical terminologies are scientific terminologies frequently used by health professionals, such as doctors and scientific community to reduce errors and ambiguity. Posterior (dorsal) refers to the “back.” For example, the heart is posterior to the sternum.