##ctionalism, Psychology, And Humanistic Psychology And The Founding Of Psychology
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PY401 Final Essay This paper address the founding of psychology along with the schools of structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism, psychoanalytic, gestalt, and humanistic psychology. Each school is unique in the different ways in which they were discovered, built up, and how they influenced psychology itself.
Founding of Psychology The founding of psychology can be dated back to the time of Descartes, but really took off during the Age of Enlightenment, where the work of Whytt (stimulus-response connections), Magendie (Bell-Magendie Law), Müller (doctrine of specific energies of nerves), and Helmholtz (unconscious inference) was most popular. This emphasized the importance of brain functioning and nervous system structure. Wilhelm Wundt is generally known as the father of experimental psychology. He was responsible for creating the first laboratory for experimental psychology and the first journal describing results of scientific research in psychology. Wundt was interested in the minds ability to actively organize information. Thus, he coined the process of apperception and the term volunteerism. Whytt’s idea that stimulus-response connects were produced by habits is similar to modern behaviorists accounts of conditioning.
Structuralism is a school of psychology, associated with Titchener that focused on identifying the structural elements of human conscious experience, primarily through basic laboratory and introspective methods. In 1904, Titchener