##dides 'Influence In Pericles' Funeral Orientation, And The Melian Dialogue

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The Athenians claimed to be the superior of Greece over Sparta and the other small city states. Thucydides had been a historian during a time where historical record was not taken. Some of the most important writings from Thucydides was “Pericles’ Funeral Orientation” and “The Melian Dialogue”. These writings spoke about important events in ancient Greek history. Thucydides’ importance in “Pericles’ Funeral Orientation” and “The Melian Dialogue” can be interpreted by identifying the substantial points in each, how the writings can relate to each other, how the ideals of both are very different, and the relationship of political image and political reality. The “Pericles’ Funeral Orientation” was a speech performed by Pericles, which was interpreted by Thucydides, that gave a salute to the Athenian soldiers who gave the ultimate sacrifice during the Peloponnesian War. He spoke about the Athenian people and the government that presides over Athens. The speech was to show the people that they needed to put aside their wants and strive for a greater good. Another section in the speech, Pericles explained that the Athenian people have always adapted to any situation that was presented to them. “For Athens alone of her contemporaries is found when tested to be greater than her reputation, and alone gives no occasion to her assailants to blush at the antagonist by whom they have been worsted, or to her subjects to question her title by merit to rule.” (Pericles’ Funeral Orientation). In this quote, Pericles knows Athens will come back from being in such a test and the people will adapt to the situation at hand as Thucydides paraphrases the famous speech of revival and honoring the soldiers. In “The Melian Dialogue,” Thucydides explained how the Athenians offered an alliance with the territory of Melos. The offer was very aggressive, either “pay tribute or we will take over” so to speak. The Athenians looked at themselves as much better than Sparta, that Melos softly sided with previously. It began with a simple offer, which turned into a threat, that turned into fighting, and then ended with surrender of the Melian people. The Melians believed that the gods and the Spartans would help them after this skirmish.

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