03.01 Isolationism, Intervention, and Imperialism: Assignment

1371 Words Jun 4th, 2014 6 Pages
Monroe Doctrine: statement issued by President James Monroe stating that the Western Hemisphere was off limits to further European intervention
Intervention: involvement by a foreign power in the affairs of another nation, typically to achieve the stronger power's aims
Sphere of Influence: an area or region over which a country has significant cultural, economic, military, or political influence
Isolationism: policy of refraining from involvement in global affairs
Expansionism: policy of growing a nation's physical territory or political influence
Imperialism: policy of creating colonies in weaker nations in order to generate raw materials and have access to new markets
Turner's Thesis: An idea advanced by historian Frederick
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Despite low expectations, Alaska was rich with natural resources such as lumber, gold, copper, and other metals. Oil and natural gas were discovered in Alaska, which continues to fuel battles between conservationists and energy and mining interests. The discovery of gold in Alaska in the 1890s led to a gold rush. It also encouraged the development of Seattle as a major port.
Pacific Islands – Midway, Samoa, Guam
After the Civil War, U.S. expansionism into the Pacific began. Merchant ships sought places to refuel. Missionaries wished to spread Christianity around the globe. The United States began expanding in the Pacific with the occupation of the Midway Islands, located about 3,000 miles west of California.
Just as merchants needed ports to refuel their trading ships, the U.S. Navy needed safe harbors abroad. The United States began working to gain control of strategic ports in the Pacific in order to meet this need. Small islands that had been mostly ignored by imperial powers thus became more valuable. Before long, the United States had established rights in Pacific island nations including the Marshall Islands and Guam.
U.S. traders and missionaries stopped in Samoa en route to Australia. Rivalries among the United States, Britain, and Germany became heated in 1878 after Samoa gave the United States permission to build a military base in Pago Pago. To settle this dispute—but without consulting the Samoans—the
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