09 Marriage And Kinship 1

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Marriage, Family, And Residence

: What Are The Possibilities?
Introducing Cultural Anthropology, Roberta Edwards Lenkeit (Chapter 7)

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MARRIAGE, FAMILY, AND RESIDENCE: WHAT
ARE THE POSSIBILITIES?

Note that the scarves of the bride and groom are tied together. This joining of scarves symbolizes their eternal bond in this traditional Hindu wedding.
© 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, all rights reserved

MARRIAGE, FAMILY, AND RESIDENCE:
WHAT ARE THE POSSIBILITIES?
Diagramming Kingship
Marriage Rules
Marriage Forms and Functions
Mate Choice and Marriage Finance
Family
Residence Patterns
Summary
© 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, all rights reserved

DIAGRAMMING KINSHIP
Kinship diagrams are a
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but, It is not the most preferred: Monogamy is the ideal and preferred form of marriage in only 81 cultures out of a sample 400cultures.
(1967 survey)

As a result of divorce or death, many individuals in monogamous societies will be in a series of monogamous marriages over the course of their lives.

(This is sometimes referred to as a serial monogamy)

POLYGAMY

Polygamy means multiple spouses and does not distinguish between these two marriage types.

© 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, all rights reserved

Polygamy refers to marriage in which there is more than one spouse(poly means many, and gamy means marriage),

It is a word that the media use, but it is a poor choice because it does not indicate wether there are many husbands or many wives.

Polygyny is a marriage of one man to two or more women.

Polyandry is a marriage of one woman to two or more men.
© 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, all rights reserved

polygyny

- Cross cultural research indicates that this is the preferred form of marriage in 314 cultures out of 400(79%).

This research surveyed societies with populations numbering in the millions as well as those with populations of fewer than 100, so keep in mind that the percentage of cultures practicing a custom is not the same as the number of people worldwide who practice the custom.

many societies have cultural rules that permit marrying multiple partners, but, economic realities often interfere with a man’s ability to have multiple
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