1. Definition of Human Resource Management Essay

749 Words Nov 19th, 2011 3 Pages

1. Definition of Human Resource Management:

Human Resource Management is the function within an organisation that focuses on recruitment, management and providing direction for the people who work in the organisation. Human resource management can also be performed by line managers.
According to the Michael Armstrong “Human resource management is defined as a strategic and coherent approach to the management of an organisation most valued assets the people working there who individually and collectively contribute to the achievement of its object.

We can say that Human Resource Management view people as an important source or asset to be
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* While Personnel management is often not considered to be influenced by the organization, HR is generally considered as an integral part of the organizational functions.

3. In the evolution of personnel and human resource management, four major changes can de discerned-

(a)Social justice:(19th century-20th century) * Aimed to improve the lot of works. * Patemalistic approach which led to a focus on welfare. * Schemes such as unemployment benefit, sick pay, and subsidies housing. * Supported by a business and ethical case.
Social reformers: Robert Owen(19th century)

Robert Owen was a pioneer of social justice. A keen businessman who made good profits, he developed ideas and plans to use money into improving the welfare and education of his workers. Robert Owen was aware of how owners of factories in the 1800s treated their workers. He wanted to improve the working and living conditions for his employees and so advocated a fair wage for a fair days work. |

Robert Owen paid better wages and provided better working conditions for his workers than many other employers of his time. In 1806, during a four week stoppage because of an American cotton embargo, Owen paid his employees full pay. From this moment on, Owen gained the trust of his employees and eventually their loyalty and affection. Today, we live in a consumer society, demanding products at low prices. Some products we