1. Describe the basis of feminist criminology.

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Feminist criminology emerged out of the realisation that criminology has from its inception centred on men and the crimes they commit. Although it can be argued female criminality was researched by Lombroso, as far back as 1800’s, female crime, it’s causes and the impact in which it had on society was largely ignored by the criminological futurity. Those Criminologist who did attempt to research female crime such as Thomas and Pollak were not only very damning of women but were also very condescending, choosing to stereotype them as either Madonna or whore (Feinman). Law abiding women were described as passive, obedient, chastic, childlike whereas the deviant as aggressive, defiant, sexually impulsive, becomingly adult and even…show more content…
In New York, one of every seven inmates is diagnosed as HIV positive.16 The growing rate of women’s incarceration calls for a critical evaluation of the social impact of our nation’s increasing reliance on correctional facilities to deal with women’s involvement in crime. Increasing arrests for property and public order offenses are partly responsible for women’s incarceration rate outpacing that of men.1 The “war on drugs,” however, has been most influential in the nationwide expansion of the prison population, having a particularly devastating impact on women over the past 25 years. Women are now more likely than men to serve time for drug offenses and are subject to increasingly punitive law enforcement and sentencing practices,2 despite the fact that women are less likely than men to play a central role in the drug trade.3 Additionally, women’s higher proportion of incarceration for property crimes than men’s reflects the extreme economic disadvantages that many women face prior to incarceration. There is an increasing need for further consideration of the nature of women’s involvement in crime in order to respond appropriately to the personal and structural causes of their criminal behavior rather than relying solely on punitive responses. • Women incarcerated in state prisons were less likely than men to have been convicted of a violent offense (35% vs. 53%).4 • Women incarcerated in state prisons were more likely than men to have been

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