1. Explore the Significance of the British and American First-Past-the-Post Election System with Special Reference to Its Effect on the Party System in Each Country. How Does It Limit the Development of Third Parties?

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1. Explore the significance of the British and American first-past-the-post election system with special reference to its effect on the party system in each country. How does it limit the development of third parties? Why have the Liberal Democrats been successful in joining the government despite the strong limits on representation that the electoral system provides?
Britain and America are quite commonly known as first world countries (highly developed countries) and they are known to be the most powerful countries in the world. Britain and America practice the same type of electoral system that is first past the post. Their political system is large and intense mainly due to the size of the countries. As mention in the book
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The British has a parliament with Upper House of Lords and the lower House of Commons. Member of the House of Commons are elected by constituencies and the leader of the dominant party in the common is appointed by the queen to be Prime minister. Britain has no supreme court, the House of Lords act the final court of approval.
As I have mention earlier that the United Kingdom (Britain) has the same electoral system as America. First pass the post is a known plurality electoral system in which the winning candidate only need most votes to win or if he or she have one extra vote than the other he or she will win. A normal quote for first past the post is “winner takes all”. First past the post is a cheaper way to hold elections as oppose to proportional representation and it is also faster. The speed of the process allows for a government to take over power swiftly or if the incumbent government wins the election it allows swift return for the continuation of government without any disruption to the political life of the nation. First past the post originated out of Europe mostly speaking of Britain, in order to create a stable government and to avoid corruption. Parliament in Britain has a maximum of five years.
As mention in the book Introduction to comparative politics: poltical challenges and changing agenda( fifth edition),in 2005 election the labor party in Britain won 355 seat but got minority vote and

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