100 Chapter 2 Study Guide

800 Words4 Pages
1. This is a social position that is acquired at birth or taken on involuntarily later in life. A) role B) status C) ascribed status D) achieved status 2. This is a social position taken on voluntarily or acquired through effort. A) role B) status C) ascribed status D) achieved status 3. These are enduring patterns of expectations for how basic social needs will be addressed. A) group B) organization C) institution D) society 4. These often have a hierarchical division of labor. A) group B) organization C) institution D) society 5. The family, politics and law, religion and health care are each examples of this. A) group B) organization C) institution D) society 6. This is a population sharing land, identity, and culture. A)…show more content…
B) forces of culture and forces of economy. C) forces of growth and forces of destruction. D) forces for control and forces for power. 14. A group that consists of two people is known as a: A) dyad. B) triad. C) coalition. D) marriage. 15. A group that consists of three or more people is known as a: A) dyad. B) triad. C) coalition. D) none of the above 16. The sociologist who first made distinctions between manifest and latent functions of structures is: A) Karl Marx. B) Talcott Parsons. C) Neil Smelser. D) Robert Merton. 17. Which social institution meets the need to regulate sexual behavior and produce new members of society? A) family B) economy C) religion D) education 18. Which social institution meets the need to make important decisions and avoid chaos? A) economy B) politics and law C) religion D) media 19. The lifestyles of people in different societies are becoming more similar over time because of A) structural functionalism. B) pasteurization. C) globalization. D) symbolic interaction. 20. What is meant by the term “pouring rights”? A) Schools are paid by soft drink companies to sell their products to students. B) Companies pay for the right to dump chemicals into sewer systems. C) Students have the right to have keg parties in their residences. D) Beer companies have the right to dispense product samples at sporting events. 21. How many states currently allow parents to use religion as a defense against

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