12-Step Research Paper

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Origins of the Twelve-Step Program Once an addict makes the decision to stop using a substance or engaging in a detrimental behavior, the difficult job of sticking with that decision often becomes a daily struggle. This particular stage is called recovery and is a lifelong process. Recovery is the longest stage of addiction and requires extreme behavior modification and self-control. In the late 1930s, a program was created that became the standard for nearly all recovery programs still in use today. The program was originally called Twelve Steps for Alcoholics and is now referred to as the Twelve Step Program. The origins of the Twelve Step Program are unique. The Twelve-Step Program was the creation of a gentleman named Bill…show more content…
Instead of thinking of sobriety as saying that someone will never drink again, emphasis is placed on taking smaller steps alongside other people who are also recovering. Recovery is seen as a life-long process, taken “one day at a time” (Wormer, 57). Forgiveness is stressed; both self-forgiveness and forgiving others. Admission of faults along with making amends is encouraged. Reminding the alcoholic that no one is perfect is an important part of treatment (Cheever, 255). These behavioral goals help remind alcoholics of the human component of the condition and the importance of continuing to try. Doing so eventually leads to success. Although the Twelve-Step Program is not a therapy-based or a professional program, many rehabilitation programs have adopted the guidelines as part of their treatment models. The Minnesota Model Twelve-Step Program, utilized by the Minnesota Clinic, was the first to do so. There are some subtle differences in the way a rehabilitation center conducts a Twelve-Step Program. The main differences are that participation groups are smaller and everyone is required to participate in the group, it is not voluntary (Wormer, 61). There are obvious drawbacks to Twelve-Step Programs. Foremost, there is a high reference to God in most Twelve-Step Programs, with many programs having strong religious undertones (Wormer, 63).
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