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1920s Leadership Style Essay

Decent Essays
Research on leadership in 1920s and 1930s only focused on leader traits such as characteristics which would differentiate leaders from non-leaders (Robbins and Coulter, 2012). Furthermore, the early year leadership has been related with individual skills and personal qualities in the leader (Nivala and Hujala, 2002). Besides, the very first systematic approach to leadership is the trait approach (Zaccarro et al., 2004). This approach emphasize that a leader with a certain characteristic is important for having effective leadership. But trait approach only concentrate on leader and neglect the situation factors or followers. And Gibb (1954) also noted that “numerous studies of the personalities of leaders have failed to find any consistent pattern…show more content…
Leadership skills were once thought to be a matter of birth: leaders were are born, not made (Krikpatrick & Locke, 1996: Cawton, 1996). According to the above premise, the trait leadership approach differentiate leaders from non-leaders by identifying the specific personality traits. Moreover the trait approach or qualities approach focuses only on man or woman in the job and not on the job itself (Mullins, 2007). After studying the above premise that “leaders were are born, not made (Krikpatirck & Locke,1996: Cawton, 1996), there are three limitation on the premise. The first limitation is that there is no clear determination who is represented as “a good or successful” leader (Mullin, 2007). Second is that there is no evidence whether personality traits and leader effectiveness are connected (Muchinsky, 1983). Third limitation is that it is completely neglect the situations (Gibb, 1947; Stogdill, 1948; Ghiselli & Brown, 1995; Mulliins, 2007). Because of its weakness, there is another approach called charismatic leadership which is emerged base on trait approach. Also charismatic approach energized the leader trait perspectives (Zaccaro, Kemp & Bader,
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