1984 Book Essay

1794 Words Nov 23rd, 2012 8 Pages
1984 Essay
What do you think a normal human being needs to have a good, hearty life? What are the most basic needs that are vital to one’s survival? According to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, physiological needs are those required to sustain life, such as air, water, nourishment, and sleep. If such needs are not satisfied, then one’s motivation will arise from the quest to satisfy them. Higher needs such as social needs and esteem are not felt until one has met the needs basic to one’s bodily functioning. Beyond the details of air, water, food, and sex, Maslow laid out five broader layers: the physiological needs, the needs for safety and security, the needs for love and belonging, the needs for esteem, and the need to actualize the self.
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Physiological needs are the needs that take the highest priority and they include the need for food, water, air, exercise, etc. Winston gets sufficient amount of food to fill him up. However, the food is not very satisfying. When Winston was at the grille eating with Syme, “Winston had taken up his spoon and was dabbling in the pale-colored gravy that dribbled across the table…He meditated resentfully on the physical texture of life. Had it always been like this? Had food always tasted like this? He looked around the canteen. A low-ceilinged crowded room…bent spoons, dented trays, coarse white mugs; all surfaces greasy grime in every crack; and a sourish, composite smell of bad gin and bad coffee and metallic stew…” (Orwell 52). This shows that Winston is not in a state of hunger, implying that he has enough food to keep him alive. But even though Winston has enough food to sustain his existence, the food he gets to eat is very unpleasant and distasteful. Furthermore, Winston’s physiological needs are not quite met through the morning workouts, known as the “physical jerks.” The telescreen wakes Winston up in the very early mornings to inform him to get up to do the Physical jerks. “The Physical Jerks would begin in three minutes. The next moment he was doubled up by a violent coughing fit which nearly always attacked him soon after waking up so early. It emptied his lungs so completely that he could only begin breathing again by lying on…