1984: From Socialism to Dystopia

1224 WordsJul 12, 20185 Pages
George Orwell wrote 1984 to make a political statement about Socialism (Davison 1). In this novel, the author extrapolates the socialist movements of the 1920s to the point where they control three “superstates” that make up the world. The novel follows the story of Winston Smith, who is a middle class worker in Oceania, the superstate controlled by The Party. He is a non-conformist, who disagrees with the ideals and the actions of The Party, and decides to take action against it. The Party is the evolution of English Socialism, but unlike the latter, whose main focuses are equality, individual rights, production for the needs of the people, and co-operative ownership, The Party’s only goal is power (Orwell 36). The only motivation behind…show more content…
The Outer Party members (10-13% of the population) are treated to conditions that are described as “bare, hungry, dilapidated place compared with the world that existed before 1914” (Orwell 188). The Inner Party members (less than 5% of the population), the people with the most power, but arguably the worst conditions, have “no freedom of choice in any direction”, as they are under constant scrutiny to ensure they are loyal to the directives of The Party (Orwell 211). Clearly, no matter what tier of society one is classified as being part of, one is affected in a negative way by The Party’s actions. Third, Orwell questions the character of humanity as a whole to demonstrate The Party’s perversion of their original socialist platform. O’Brien states that “humanity is the party”, which is entirely against the power-to-the-people mentality of socialism, as by saying that O’Brien and The Party essentially claim that they have to power to shape what is natural and what is human (Orwell 269). Orwell takes the basic traits of humans, which are supposed to be innate, and puts them into question to show the complete refocus of The Party from giving the people more power to obtaining the power to change humanity to its core. This is how the author uses character to emphasize the consequences of The Party’s platform. The third element George Orwell uses to ingrain the consequences of the Party’s control is conflict. The conflict between The Party and
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