2.1 Mimicry 2.1.1 Overview of mimicry Numbers of studies have shown that people mimic others

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2.1 Mimicry 2.1.1 Overview of mimicry Numbers of studies have shown that people mimic others behaviour. Mimicry is a terms use when people imitate others doing (Stel & Vonk, 2010). Imitate here means that follow, copy, or repeat what others do. Other terms usually use to represent mimicry are synchrony, mirroring (Parrill & Kimbara, 2006), behaviour matching and interactional synchrony (Lakin, Jefferis, Cheng, & Chartrand, 2003). Mimicry can be in verbal and non-verbal form. For verbal, it includes accent, speech, and gesture (Parrill & Kimbara, 2006). For non-verbal, it includes posture (Ramseyer & Tschacher, 2008), yawning (Yoon & Tennie, 2010), eating behaviour (Hermans et al., 2012) and drinking behaviour (Koordeman, Kuntsche,…show more content…
For this research purpose, rapport feeling will be discussed more details in the next topic and for mimicry, this research will focus more on non-verbal mimicry. 2.1.2 Related topics In eating, perceiving others taking a bite trigger action of taking a bite too. This theory was proven in Hermans et al. (2012) experiment which conducted to women. This shown that, when women eat together (conducted on two people per time), they tend to mimic each others time taken a bite. This researched allocated 5 second fixed interval after eating companion takes a bite as mimicry while if time of bite happened outside 5 second, it was not considered as mimicry. Whereas for the other experiment by Koordeman et al. (2011), this experiment study on alcohol consumption to measure on young adults mimicked drinking behaviour of actors they watch on the duration of 60 minutes movie. Even though this study conducted for both woman and man, result showed that man more likely to take a sip directly after the actors sip. In this study, if participants sip in the period of 15 second after the actors sipping, mimicry on sipping between participant and actors happened. Although both research proved that sequence of mimicry happened in sip and bite for both drinking and eating, but this mimic not lasted for the whole period during experiment. In research by Hermans et al. (2012),
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