2011 Texas Drought

Decent Essays
Socio-Economic Implications of Drought in the Agricultural Sector and the State Economy by Jadwiga R. Ziolkowska This article is a case study of the 2011 Texas drought that specifically analyzes economic losses that drought can produce, and the effect that future droughts can have on the agricultural industry. The 2011 Texas drought was specifically caused by an extended period of hot, dry weather, which is identical to the circumstances of the Ontario case study I address in my paper. The main argument of this article was to show that agricultural industries are essential to the economy, and drought has the biggest negative impact, as evidenced by “The results show that the $7.62 billion of agricultural production losses caused irreversible…show more content…
The findings of the study addressed by this article indicated that the majority of negative implications of drought actually occur in the after the first confirmed year of drought (Leister et al, p281). Furthermore, the authors concluded the article by recommending that future studies concerning the economic impact of drought extend past the initial years of drought in order to get a more comprehensive analysis of effects (Leister et al, p282). There is an excellent point raised by the authors concerning the ripple effect caused by drought, specifically in relation to the livestock sector, “There is evidence of drought-induced culling of livestock in both 2011 and 2012 that resulted from the immediate changes in pasture and forage availability and increases in feed costs” (Leister et al, p262). This point best exemplifies the direct economic impact of drought. It’s important to recognize that this is an American article, and that the US agricultural industry is commercially orientated, whereas the Canadian agricultural industry, in my personal experience, is less so.

Ranching and Multiyear Droughts in Utah: Production Impacts, Risk Perceptions, and Changes in Preparedness by D. Layne
…show more content…
An interesting result from this article is that there is a correlation between drought preparedness and whether or not they had previously experienced negative drought effects (Coppock, 2011, p613). Essentially, this indicates that farmers are more likely to “learn the hard way”. I couldn’t quite wrap my head around the fact that in Utah, a total of 78.8% of land is owned by state and federal governments, which in turn leases land to farmers (Coppock, p608). This is virtually unheard of in Canadian agriculture, where no such governmental oversight exists. In Canada, there are very limited, if any, disaster-assistance programs. Similar to my previous annotation, there are distinct differences between Canadian and American agriculture that make this article slightly less relevant to my research. For instance, cattle farmers in the Midwestern US use free ranging grazing techniques, because they have access to more acres of grazing pasture. In comparison, farmers in Canada (specifically Eastern Canada) keep their cattle on a smaller acreage, and supplement grazing with
Get Access