2012 Dse Ls Paper 1 Q.2

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2a. Identify and explain the public health risk highlighted in Source A. (4 marks) According to Source A, the public health risk highlighted is second hand smoke (SHS). In the picture, since the smokers, who are the parents, are smoking in the public area, thus lead to the people around them, who are their children, unavoidably inhale the SHS. They look very bitter and they have to wear masks to avoid the SHS. Thus, lead to poor respiratory health of both smokers and the surrounding people and increase the risk of getting respiratory disease, which add burden to the medical system in Hong Kong. Therefore, to sum up, the public health risk highlighted is second hand smoke (SHS). 2c. Which two tobacco control policies shown in…show more content…
Through launching a series of anti-smoking campaigns, it can tackle the root cause and thus the correspondence is high. Moreover, the comprehensiveness is also high. Since the information transmitted by mass media can affects most of the sectors of society in Hong Kong because of their broadness, promoting anti-smoking campaigns through them will cover most of the people in Hong Kong. In conclusion, anti-smoking campaigns promoted through the mass media is more effective in the long term. For the taxation on the purchase of cigarettes, it is more effective in the short term in Hong Kong because it is compulsory-based, which will add economic burden to the smokers, and in turn use economic mean to give them a greater motivation to give up smoking as they have to use more money to buy cigarettes, which has the most direct effect on them, thus enhance profoundness of this policy. According to the statistics done by Bachelor of Medicine of HKU in 2009, the number of smokers reduced by half after the Hong Kong government implemented the policy of increasing 50% taxation on cigarettes. Moreover, it is also comprehensive as it will affect all the smokers in Hong Kong and they all will have to under this taxation regulation. To sum up, taxation on the purchase of cigarettes is more effective in the short term. For establishing smoke-free areas, it is not as effective as the two mentioned above is that the smokers can still smoke without paying

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