20th Century Imperialism

949 Words4 Pages
During the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, industrializing countries such as France and the United States began expanding their influence to places around the globe. People of many different backgrounds answered the idea of imperialism with both praise and criticism. Some works commended imperialism such as “Speech to the French National Assembly” by Jules Ferry and “The White Man's Burden” by Rudyard Kipling. Other sources reprimanded the process, including works such as Imperialism by J.A. Hobson and “Home Burdens of Uncle Sam” by Anna Manning Comfort. Each author articulates the variety of justifications within their pieces, exploring the repercussions of the aggressive influence of political and economic expansion across the globe. In doing so, it is apparent that there are many facets to how people in the early twentieth century approached the idea of imperialism. Kipling, favoring imperialism, wrote his poem as an invitation to colonize the Philippines after the rule of the Spanish ended. During this period, Europeans held the belief that they were above the indigenous people of Africa and Asia. He describes the native people as “new-caught, sullen peoples, / Half-devil and half-child”, implying that they are inferior breed of people. (Kipling,1) He devalues the life of these people with an underlying principle of Social Darwinism, where the “unfit” needs to become more advanced to compete in the Western world. Kipling then goes on to say that the “White
Open Document