3.1 Application Of Theory To Practice Essay

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3.1 Application of theory to practice.

Bandura’s Social Learning Theory.
Bandura (1969, 2004) states that social learning theory “emphasizes that people learn by observing the behaviour of models and acquiring the belief that they can produce behaviours to influence events in their lives” (cited in Passer, W (2007 pg 225)
Observational learning is “the learning that occurs by observing the behaviour of a model “.
This theory reinforces the idea that children learn directly through observing from their peers and those around them.
Negative behaviour observed from an adult is more prone to repetition from a child regardless if the behaviour was reinforced or punished (e.g. The Bobo Doll experiment 1965, cited in Passer ,W 2007 pg 226)
By being
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Attachment Theory is a concept in developmental psychology that underpins the importance of “attachment “and bonding with care-givers.
Psychologist World (2017) has described how” the ability for an individual to form an emotional and physical attachment to another person gives a sense of stability and security necessary to take risks and branch out “.
John Bowlby formed this theory and established that childhood development depended heavily on the ability “to form a strong relationship with at least one care giver” (citied in Psychologist World 2017.)
Mary Ainsworth further developed Bowlby’s theory into “attachment behaviour” which is linked to modelled behaviour by insecure children ,in an effort to re-establishing or establishing an attachment to a present care-giver.
Hazan and Shaver (1987) further theorizing attachment theory noted that one of its limitations was its focus solely on children.
In their studies, they examined adult relationships and how attachment styles can be linked in adults to their childhood attachment experiences.
According to Hazan and Shaver “the emotional bond that develops between adult romantic partners is partly a function of the same motivational system--the attachment behavioural system--that gives rise to the emotional bond between infants and their caregivers.”(cited in Fraley,C

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