3 Explain How Theories of Development and Frameworks to Essay example

3057 WordsJan 2, 201313 Pages
3 EXPLAIN HOW THEORIES OF DEVELOPMENT AND FRAMEWORKS TO SUPPORT DEVELOPMENT INFLUENCE CURRENT PRACTICE. Theories of development offer insights into the forces guiding childhood growth and what can affect them. Each offers insight but each has limitations, which is why developmental scientists use more than one theory to guide their thinking about the growth of children. Current practice is based on many years of knowledge and experience. This helps us to understand children learning, development and behavior. Research is ongoing and new information becomes available all the time. This means it is important that we keep our knowledge up to date and use new ideas in practice. Research into child development is an ongoing process.…show more content…
5. Discrimination Learning: The ability to make different responses to similar-appearing stimuli. 6. Concept Learning: A common response to a class of stimuli. 7. Rule Learning. Learning a chain of two or more concepts. 8. Problem Solving. A kind of learning that requires "thinking." Jean Piaget (1896 – 1980) Main theory – development takes place in distinctive stages of cognitive development. Adults influence but the child is building their own thinking systems. Piaget is known for his research in developmental psychology. He was involved in the administration of intelligence tests to children and became interested in the types of mistakes children at various ages were likely to make. He began to study the reasoning processes of children at various stages. He theorized that cognitive development proceeds in four genetically determined stages that always follow the same sequential order. Piaget used the term Schema to define this. A Schema describes both the mental and physical actions involved in understanding and knowing. In Piagets view, a schema includes both a category of knowledge and the process of obtaining the knowledge. As experiences happen, this new information is used to modify, add to or change previously existing schemas. An example of this is a child may have a schema about a type of animal, such as a dog. If the child’s sole experience has been with small dogs they may
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