4.Profile Of Scott County. Located In The Beautiful Rolling

1652 WordsApr 17, 20177 Pages
4. Profile of Scott County Located in the beautiful rolling hills of Southern Eastern Indiana, Scott County has suffered from decades of generational poverty with its associated problems like drug abuse. As of 2016, the population of the county was estimated to be 23,730, with about 97.9% of the residents being whites. The county ranks last among Indiana’s 92 counties on several fronts. It has the lowest life expectancy, 9% of the population is unemployed, 19% live below the poverty line, and 21% have not finished high school (Conrad et al, 2015). With such low economic and health indicators, it is not difficult for one to predict that Scott County was sitting on a time bomb for something bad to happen. 4.1 Epidemiologic Profile of…show more content…
Injection drug use in the county is a multigenerational activity, with as many as three generations of a family and multiple community members injecting together. According to Conrad el al (2015), the reported daily numbers of injections ranged from 4 to 15, with reported number of injection partners ranging from one to six patients. The sharing of needles because of the non-availability of these needles is the major contributing factor to the HIV infection epidemic among IDUs in the county. 4.2 HIV infections among IDUs is Scott County Starting from December of 2014, the Indiana State Department of Health began documenting an alarming high number of new and suspected cases of HIV in Scott County. At the end of April 2015, the number of newly confirmed HIV infections had raised risen to epidemic proportions from 30, in late 2014, to 135. Of the 135 people found to be HIV positive, 114 (84.4%) were co-infected with HCV. The average age was 35 years and just over half were male (54.8%). Those mostly affected people were white. The health officials report indicated that no infants were tested positive, although a small number of pregnant women had. Ten women in the cluster were identified as sex workers. Each affected person typically reported nine other individuals he or she had shared needles with, had sexual contact with, or knew might be at risk for HIV (Indiana State Department of Health, 2016). The Scott County HIV epidemic is the worst outbreak in Indiana’s
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