4ps-Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program

3464 Words Mar 23rd, 2015 14 Pages
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Poverty is one of the biggest problems in the Philippines and remains a big challenge to it. According to National Statistical Coordination Board Secretary General Jose Ramon G. Albert, the poverty incidence among population was estimated at 27.9 percent during the first semester of 2012, (NSCB 2012). Comparing this with the 2006 and 2009 first semester figures estimated at 28.8 percent and 28.6 percent, respectively, poverty remained unchanged as the computed differences are not statistically significant. Latest official poverty thresholds show that poverty on Filipino family of five needed Php 5,458 to meet basic food needs every month and Php 7,821 to stay above the poverty threshold (basic food and
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These CCTs promotes human development in terms of different services such as in the field of education, health, nutrition and livelihood that serves as the vehicle in alleviating poverty and at the same time, to contribute significantly to the improving society.
Conditional Cash Transfer program started during the late 1990’s in Mexico’s innovative Progresa now called “Opurtunidades” program emerged as one of the schemes in 1997. The effectiveness of Progresa motivated a rise in similar program across Latin America. During the late 1990’s, different countries also adopted the CCTs program like Bolsa Escola and Bolsa Familia in Brazil, Red de Proteccion Social in Nicaragua, Programa de Asistencia Familiar in Honduras, Program of Advancement through Health and Education in Jamaica, Food-for-Education (FFE) in Bangladesh, and Subsidio Unico Familiar in Chile (de Janvry and Sadoulet 2006).
According to Ole Doetinchem, Ke Xu and Guy Carrin of World Health Organization (WHO, 2008), CCTs programmes give money to poor people in return for fulfilling specific behavioural conditions. These conditions include for example children's school attendance, up-to-date vaccinations or regular visits to a health care facility by pregnant women. CCTs are a new type of social programme with the primary objective of alleviating poverty. A CCT has a direct effect on poverty by providing an immediate additional income for the poor. They can make their own choices as to how…