5 Sources of Power

1164 WordsApr 22, 20135 Pages
Jeff Spears Professor Oliver MG 302; Chapter 10 April 8, 2013 Five Sources of Managerial Power Leadership is one of four primary tasks of management. Within leadership is power, and where there is power, comes the affect power plays on the behavior of others. The behaviors can determine how a subordinate will act in a certain way or in certain conditions. Power is divided into five separate and distinct sources of managerial power; coercive, reward, legitimate, expert, and referent power. These five bases of power are divided in two categories, formal and personal power. Coercive and reward are in the formal categories. Legitimate, expert, and referent to are in the personal category. Later I will explain why each power falls…show more content…
When individuals perceive or assume that a person possesses superior skills or abilities, they award power to that person. This causes the lesser knowledgeable to become subordinate to the expert. For example, most department stores are separated into departments, the shoe department, toy department, sporting goods department, etc. Typically, a department manager heads each department. For this department to be successful in customer service and meeting sales goals, it is imperative that the department manager is an expert about the products and items in that department. The person that knows the most about all the products typically is the person that is looked for when information is needed, and in this example, usually has the highest sales, and is expected to train new and current employees. As new products arrive, the expert must spend time learning everything about the product to maintain his/her expert leadership status or leadership role. Referent power is defined as power that comes from subordinates’ and coworkers’ respect, admiration, and loyalty. This power is the complete opposite of legitimate power, where the power comes with the position. Referent power is a function of the personal characteristics of a leader that arises from charisma, as the charismatic person influences others via the admiration, respect, and trust others have for the power holder. Meaning

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