668 Stroke Awareness

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Stroke Awareness

Outcome1: Know what stroke is.

1. Identify the changes in the brain associated with stroke.

Changes in the brain will be that some parts are not getting the blood supply which then leads to dead tissue causing a form of disability depending on the area of the brain affected.

2. Outline other conditions that may be mistaken for stroke.

Postictal state – happens after a seizure.
Hypoglycemia – blood sugars drop, which can cause body paralysis, however a person with this will always have an altered mental state. A stroke patient doesn’t.
Subdural or Epidural bleeding – as bleeding grows it pushes on brain which will mean you have difficulty communicating and moving. Less common illness and diseases can also disturb
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Best to keep them active.

Outcome 3: Understand the management of risk factors for stroke.
1. State the prevalence of stroke in the UK

Northern Ireland – strokes per year 4,000, living with a stroke 32,000
Scotland – strokes per year 12,500, living with a stroke 120,000
Wales – strokes per year 11,000, living with a stroke 65,100
England – strokes per year 13,500, living with a stroke 128,175

2. Identify the common risk factors for stroke

Age
Gender
Race
Family history
High blood pressure
Warning signs or history of a stroke
Diabetes

3. Describe how risk factors may vary in different settings

It all varies as one person’s lifestyle may be ok for them, yet that same lifestyle for another person may be deadly.

4. Define the steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of stroke and subsequent stroke

Quit smoking
Lowering cholesterol
Controlling high blood pressure
Healthy weight
Controlling diabetes
Eating fruit and veg
Alcohol in moderation
Avoid illicit drugs

Outcome 4: Understand the importance of emergency response and treatment for stroke

1. Describe why stroke is a medical emergency.

A stroke is a form of brain attack, which is when blood and oxygen can’t get to a certain part of the brain causing cells to die. This causes permanent damage. Basically the longer you take to get to the hospital, the more damage there is.

2. Describe the actions to be taken in response to an emergency stroke incident in line with agreed ways of
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