800,000 people in UK have been adopted and it is reckoned that millions of others are affected by

2200 WordsApr 23, 20199 Pages
800,000 people in UK have been adopted and it is reckoned that millions of others are affected by adoption. Adoption became legal in England and Wales in 1926. In some European countries there is practically no adoption. With exception of Indonesia, Malaysia, Somalia, Tunisia and Turkey, laws of most Muslim-majority states do not currently permit legal adoption. Islamic law does not even recognize the concept of adoption. In US 14% of adoptions are by relatives, whereas most adopters in Britain are people formerly unknown to the child. The Adoption and Children Act 2002 seeks to improve adoption rates. History of adoption reveals changes within society. Legal adoption began with passing of the Adoption of Children Act 1926. Before…show more content…
The history of state-organised child care is miserable with extensive evidence of abuse and mistreatment of children in children’s homes. A and S relates to children subject to freeing orders. A had experienced 77 moves and S 96, including in and out of respite placements. Eventually both boys sought declarations for breach of their Articles 3, 6 and 8 rights. It was held that both the local authority and IRO admitted breach of the boys’ human rights, since they denied them of a family life, failed to give them a proper prospect of securing an adoptive placement, and failed to provide precise information to the IRO, failed to encourage rights of the children to access legal advice and failed to save them from degrading treatment and physical assault. HRA 1998 protects individual’s rights under ECHR. No court order should violate an individual’s rights, unless compelled by other legislation. In Re Z the prospective adopters issued an application in England, including an application for the parents’ consent to be dispensed with. The parents opposed the making of the order, claiming that the Scottish process had breached their Articles 6 and 8. During proceedings findings were made that the mother had failed to provide ample health and physical care to Z, causing her distress and
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