A Brief Analysis Of The San Francisco Security Treaty And The United States

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With Japan formally surrendering on September 2nd, 1945 to the Allied powers it was not until years later that a peace and a security treaty was formally signed between the United States and Japan. This paper will review and give a brief analysis of the San Francisco security treaty and will largely focus on the mutual cooperation and security articles. This paper will analyze the treaty’s costs and benefits between Japan and the United States, how it has changed over time, and future prospects for the alliance.
With the signing of the San Francisco Peace Treaty on September 8, 1951 and along with article nine of their constitution, Japan had effectively become a disarmed state, allowing only a small defense force to be created to
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Forces will protect Japan from belligerent attack from outside aggression, as well as giving assistance to put down large scale internal riots and disturbances inside Japan. Article Two states that Japan will not grant any military bases or other rights, powers, or authority in relation to military bases, or the right to garrison or allow transit of any force to a third power without the consent of the US. Article Three refers to the conditions of how armed forces between the US and Japan will be administered. Finally, Article Four states that the treaty will expire when both the US and Japan are satisfied that security and peace can be maintained by either the UN or other collective security agreements.
The peace treaty was fairly generous to Japan. It did not necessarily have to pay heavy reparations to the US, nor did it have any post treaty supervision of the state. Japan’s economic recovery was put at the top of US interests, which allowed Japan to enter the US markets, which Japan highly favored as it hoped to become an economic power. Without the need to build military force for security, Japan would be able to devote all of its resources to its economy. Simultaneously, the US pressed Japan to have greater trade with other Asian and Pacific countries. Having the US’ “stamp of approval” did
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