A Brief Examination of the Crusades

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A Brief Examination of the Crusades A Brief Examination of the Crusades The First Crusade took place from 1096 1099. The First Crusade was a great surprise to both the Christians and the Muslims, the two opposing parties of the Crusades. The victory of the First Crusade went to the Christians. The Crusades were a series of nine wars waged during the Middle Ages between Christians and Muslims. The wars were waged between the 11th and 13th centuries specifically. In 1071, the Muslim Turkish armies thoroughly defeated the Christine Byzantine military forces at the Battle of Manzikert. (Madden, 2002) The Christians were defending their territories in Asia Minor. Asia Minor had been swiftly invaded and conquered by outsiders and the Byzantine emperor at the time sought assistance from the west. A council was called and a decision was made: At the Council of Clermont in 1095, Pope Urban II called on the knights of western Christendom to right this wrong by taking up arms against the Turks. He also urged them to go further, rolling back earlier Muslim conquests of Christian lands, pushing all the ways to the holy city of Jerusalem itself. The response was tremendous. (Madden, The Crusades, 2002) Lands that were once Christian were now Muslim as a result of the Battle of Manzikert. The leader of the primary religious institution in all of western culture claims that this event is wrong and that war is the way to correct it. In essence, the Turks took Christian lands, so the
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