A Brief History Of Rome And Its Strategic Relationships With Latium

863 WordsJul 14, 20154 Pages
Introduction To answer this question, I will first provide a brief history of Rome and its strategic relationships with Latium in particular over the period from the 7th to the 2nd centuries BC. I will then explore why the treatment of the outlying Latium towns was so important to the Roman government. Latium refers to the coastal plains south of the river Tiber. Today it forms part of the Lazio region. Etruscan city-states were to its north-west, the Sabines occupied the north and there were Greek outposts to further to the south (Morey, 1901). A brief history of Rome from the 8th to the 1st centuries BC (Morey, 1901; The Latin Library, n.d.; King et al., 2006). During the 8th century BC, Rome people eventuated from first three settlements on strategic hills – a Latin settlement about the Palatine hill; a Sabine settlement on the nearby Quirinal hill; and subsequently a Latin or Etruscan settlement on the Caelian hill. Around 600 BC, Rome and other Latin cities were conquered by the Etruscans, who imposed their monarchic rule. Rome became stronger and conquered neighboring territories including many Latin towns, which were made part of the Roman domain. The unconquered Latin cities formed a confederacy of resistance to Rome. Around the mid-6th century following the conquest of Alba Longa, the most important of the independent cities, the second Etruscan king (Servius Tullius), negotiated a treaty with the Latin cities featuring Rome as “the head of all Latium” (The Latin

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