A Brief Look at Potatoes

892 WordsFeb 4, 20184 Pages
Currently, the potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is the fourth food most consumed worldwide, after rice, wheat and corn. It is important constituent of people's diet from different countries, being grown on over 18 million acres spread over 125 countries (FAO, 2009). The Solanum tuberosum L. is considered the main vegetable crop both in cultivated area and in food preference, competing mainly with tomato within this sector. Potato is one of the most nutritious foods for humans. It has good quality protein and a high index of biological value. It is one of the crops that has the highest production of energy and protein per hectare per day. Potatoes are a great source of vitamin C; eating only one unit provides 45 percent of human daily recommendation; they are among the top sources of potassium. They also have a good value of vitamin B6, protein, and fiber (about 9 percent of the daily recommendation). However, potatoes are a major source of energy, because they provide simple and complex carbohydrates (one potato of 148 grams has 26 grams of carbohydrates). Formerly, the production and consumption of potatoes was concentrated in the countries of Europe and North America, and the European continent had the highest production. But there are over twenty years when this began to change, because the production of Latin America, Africa and Asia began to grow dramatically, due to the area planted with the crop becoming increasingly larger in this area. Currently the largest potato
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