A Brief Look at Schizophrenia

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Schizophrenia Socially the term Schizophrenia has a certain caricature about it that society has turned into a very serious social stigma. Many associate the disorder with criminals, nut houses, and extreme uncontrollable violence. Schizophrenia is portrayed in literature, and in movies so horrendously negative that those who experience symptoms of this very serious mental disorder can be in a stage of denial that can ultimately cause them to go undiagnosed, that is until something goes wrong. In spite of myths and portrayals in pop culture schizophrenia is sometimes viewed as split personality, but the root of the word comes from the Greek word schizo and phrene which loosely translates into split mind (Internet Mental Health Initiative 2010). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders or DSM-5 says that “Schizophrenia is characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior, and other symptoms that cause social or occupational dysfunction. For a diagnosis, symptoms must have been present for six months and include at least one month of active symptoms” (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). In the last edition of the DSM it was only required that a person show one of the symptoms listed, but now in the revised addition the patient must show two of the symptoms listed above. The National Institute of Mental Health or NIMH breaks down the disorder in laments terms by describing it as “People with the disorder may hear voices other
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