A Brief Note On Aetiology Of The Disease

1663 Words Nov 20th, 2014 7 Pages
Kelvin Tsang
201340486
Cystitis
Aetiology of the disease – 214 words
Discussion of the presumptive diagnosis – 890 words
Discussion of the selected antimicrobial therapy – 239 words
Summary – 72 words
Total word count – 1415 words

This report is entirely my own work. Any quotations taken from others have been declared and referenced in the text. 19/11/2014

Aetiology of the disease
Cystitis is a bacterial urinary tract infection and occurs when bacterium enters the urethra (tube which passes out urine) and then eventually the bladder. There are many different types of cystitis, however the most common one is bacterial cystitis which is caused by bacterium (mostly E-coli) entering the bladder through the urethra. Cystitis is most common amongst women rather than men due to the urethra being shorter in woman than men. The bacterium has a longer distance to travel before reaching the bladder in men by which time It could be passed out of the body through urine.[1] The most common bacteria to cause this is E-coli – a gram negative microorganism - which can account for up to 70-80% of diagnosed cystitis.(2). Bacteria can arise from germs in bowel (not emptying bladder properly) and can be common for sexually active woman. E-coli is normally harmless inside the human body as it normally lives inside the gut, but the problems start to arise when it is able to enter the bladder. This is when urinary tract infections begin to occur. However the majority…
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