A Brief Note On Arthritis And Its Effects On The Body

1049 Words5 Pages
Jacob Hunnicutt
MED 2047
Gouty Arthritis
Instructor: Michelle Earixson-Lamothe
3/16/15
VNFT031

Gouty arthritis, more commonly known as gout, is a very painful condition that primarily affects the joints especially those of the great toe, ankles, wrist, and fingers. “Gout is most commonly seen in men, particularly those between the ages of 40 and 50” (Bradford, 2014 ). Gout is not a disease that is new to society; it has been around for centuries. The first recorded incidence of gout was in Egypt in 2640 BC, to the Egyptians gout was called podagra (Nuki, 2006). Gout is highly linked to one’s diet and in history gout was known to affect the affluent population more than any other. Humans are the only living organisms that seem to have the problem of gout. The reason this is so is most likely due to the fact that in other organisms, such as reptiles, fish, dogs, have an enzyme, uricase, that is responsible for the breakdown of uric acid. The leading cause of gout is due to the ineffective metabolism of purines. When purines are ingested in the body it is converted into urate. Gout leads to hyperuricemia, which is high blood uric acid levels. For a person who ingests a normal and balanced amount of purines, the body is able to handle it and filter it out of the body via the kidneys. If a person has a decreased function of their kidneys their chances of getting gout, alongside many other things, significantly increases. The kidneys are responsible for
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