A Brief Note On Children With Down 's Syndrome

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Shanleigh Blackburn – 670207 Paediatrics Assignment: Down’s Syndrome I believe that children with Down’s Syndrome can benefit greatly from Physiotherapy, due to the physical impairments often associated with their condition. What is Down’s Syndrome?: Down’s Syndrome is a genetic condition affecting one in every 1000 births world wide. It is estimated that 700 babies are born with Down’s Syndrome annually. (Robertson, 2016) Typically, there are 23 pairs of chromosomes in a normal, healthy human being. One pair from the mother, one from the father. Chromosomes are found in every cell of the human body, they carry a genetic code that determines specific traits in every human being. (Park 625 – 627, 2014) Occasionally, one of the chromosomes may be missing or an extra copy of a chromosome forms. When this happens, it results in a multitude of genetic abnormalities. These abnormalities are classified as syndromes. (ndds.org/DownsSyndrome, 2016) Downs Syndrome (Trisomy 21) is a genetic disorder caused by a third copy of chromosome 21. (Park 625 – 627, 2014) There are three different types of Down’s Syndrome; Trisomy 21, the most common form of Down’s Syndrome, where an extra copy of chromosome 21 exists in every cell. In Mosaicism, there is an extra copy of chromosome in some of the cells, these children often present with fewer symptoms. And lastly, Translocation, where there is an extra segment attached to chromosome 21 itself, often only affects one set of chromosomes.
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