A Brief Note On Coronary Heart Disease ( Chd )

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Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is one of the most common disease in the United States with high mortality rate. There reported cases of fatal or non-fatal myocardial infraction or instances that have led to the death of patients caused by sudden CHD summing to a million each year. The most common symptom that is associated with CHD is angina. The estimated number of middle-aged men suffering from Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is between 1 to 2 million thus increasing their risk of them suffering from CHD (Thaulow et al., 1993). CAD is greatly influenced by the lifestyle of individual patient. To minimize the risk involved change in lifestyle is crucial, aspirin intake and cholesterol management. Studies show that these factors when controlled properly lowers cardiac events drastically. Lowering the risk attached, it is important to detect subclinical atherosclerosis early so that proper measure can be put in place to prevent the disease from progressing and acute myocardial infraction.
Literature Review
Deposits of calcium in the coronary artery can be viewed as part of atherosclerosis process. The introduction of Electron-Beam Computer Tomography (EBCT) has enable physicians to detect calcium deposits in the coronary artery. The calcium deposits in the coronary artery are responsible of chest pains that patients. EBCT has a high sensitivity towards detecting calcium in the coronary artery. Calcium is absent in normal functioning arteries. EBCT has an electron

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