A Brief Note On Diabetes And Diabetes Mellitus

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1. Problems, Issues or Disease Progress of Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes mellitus refers to a chronic human health condition characterized by prolonged high sugar level in the blood. A group of metabolic disorders like, seizures, lethargy, and jaundice among others, which occur when chemical reactions abnormally alter the normalcy of the body’s metabolic processes, causes this condition. Diabetes occurs mainly because of two issues; due to inadequate production of insulin by the pancreas, and due to failure of the bodily cells to respond adequately to the produced insulin. Diabetes can occur in four types. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas fails to produce sufficient insulin. It was thus referred to as either juvenile diabetes or…show more content…
Severe consequences can be prenatal death. They include pre-diabetes, latent autoimmune diabetes of adults, chronic pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis, and congenital diabetes. The general prevention and treatment for diabetes include a healthy diet, doing physical exercises, not smoking tobacco, and controlling one’s blood pressure. However, there are management criteria specific to every type of the condition. Type 1 diabetes is managed by injecting the patient with insulin. Type 2 diabetes is managed through medications which may or may not contain insulin (Winter, 2002). The decision on whether to provide insulin or some oral medications to a type 2 diabetes patient is reached depending on how the patient’s body reacts with the medications. Some medications can cause excessive reduction in blood sugar. Obese patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are recommended for weight loss surgery. Gestational diabetes is manages itself after birth. It may only exist as long as a woman not diabetic is pregnant (Lowe, 2001). This means that it ends when the woman delivers. However, during pregnancy, the mother has to seek medication because of the complications that come with gestational diabetes mellitus. Monitoring the pregnant woman’s blood glucose, changes in diet and injection with insulin are also recommendable. Symptoms of diabetes include high throat dryness, increased thirst (polydipsia), increased urination
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