A Brief Note On Diabetes And High Level Of Blood Sugar

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Diabetes is chronic long term group of health condition with high level of blood sugar which can lead to serious health consequences. Basically diabetes is a disorder of glucose metabolism. Insulin is a hormone that plays major role in glucose metabolism. Food contains carbohydrates which metabolize into glucose and with help of insulin glucose enters into cells. There are two main types of diabetes. When an individual’s body is unable to make enough insulin or body is unable to use its own insulin leads to high glucose level which is called diabetes type 2 or adult onset diabetes. Diabetes Type 1 is juvenile onset diabetes caused by destruction of beta cell in pancreas ultimately there is no more production of insulin. High level of blood…show more content…
There are number of genetic and environmental factors involved who are at the risk of diabetes. An individual with age 45 years or more and with positive family history of diabetes has more chances of developing diabetes type 2. Physical inactivity in terms of overweight or obese; is general risk factor for diabetes type 2 in younger age. Those of have had pre diabetes means high blood glucose level during pregnancy (gestational diabetes). An Individual with pre existing conditions such as Hypertension, Cancer, Ischemic Heart Disease, High Cholesterol Level such as High Low Density Cholesterol (LDL) and Triglycerides likely to have diabetes. Women with Poly Cystic Ovary Disease (PCOD). Diabetes is more common in following race and ethnicity African American, American Asian, Hispanic or Latino, American Indian, Alaska native. Women who have had gestational diabetes with child born more than 9 pounds can make prone to have diabetes. The Individual with Metabolic Syndrome a group of medical condition which is also called insulin resistance syndrome includes High blood glucose level, excessive abdominal fat with increased in waist size, Hypertension, High Blood level of Cholesterol and Triglycerides. Acanthosis Negricans is a condition which is linked with insulin resistance characterized by dark thick velvety skin around the Neck.
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