A Brief Note On Diabetes And Low Physical Activity

2033 WordsNov 29, 20149 Pages
Diabetes is one of the most common non-communicable diseases in the world with currently 347 million people living with the condition and was the direct cause of approximately 1.5 million deaths in 2012 (WHO). It is a condition that occurs when the body cannot provide enough insulin or cannot use the insulin that is produced effectively. Insulin is what allows glucose to enter the body’s cells for energy so without it, too much glucose stays in the blood stream. The insulin is what regulates blood sugar and without it, it can cause damage to the body. There are two types of diabetes, Type 1 is caused when the pancreas cannot produce insulin and is less common in diabetic patients. Type 2 diabetes (NIDDM) is caused when the body does not…show more content…
Legumes are an important component in a healthy diet especially in developing countries and play a much less significant role in the diet of western countries. Within Britain it is baked beans that are extremely popular, however there sweet tomato sauce is usually high in sugar, and in the Far East soya beans are staple part of their diet (Lean, 2006). It is said that leguminous plants should be a key component in a healthy diabetic diet to control and manage the patient’s diabetes. Regular consumption of legumes should occur as they have various properties that can contribute to protecting from obesity, cardiovascular disease and of course NIDDM. It is said that a serving a day of legumes (1/2 a cup) can have positive effects on health, this being the minimum that should be consumed. Mirmiran et al (2014) claims that this food commodity is a supportive functional food that should be permanent in a diabetic’s diet because of their low glycaemic index, high fibre and phytochemical content that will help reduce the risk of complications associated with spikes in blood glucose. This is one of the main reasons why people with diabetes or pre-diabetes should have a high legume diet. It has been shown that lower glycaemic index (GI) diet has been associated with improved control over diabetes. The GI is a ranking of carbohydrate containing foods based on their overall effect of blood glucose levels by their
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