A Brief Note On Diabetes Mellitus And Mellitus

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Diabetes mellitus is usually a lifelong metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia or high sugar levels in the blood; can be caused by lack of insulin, insulin resistance, or both. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to regulate blood sugar. It controls the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats that the body used for energy. Without insulin, glucose (sugar) in the blood builds up causing hyperglycemia. There are 3 classic symptoms of diabetes; the 3 Ps: polyuria which defines as frequent and excessive urination, polydipsia which defines as excessive thirst, and polyphagia which defines as excessive eating.
There are two main types of diabetes mellitus: type 1 diabetes mellitus also known as insulin-dependent diabetes
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It is more often develops in winter than summer time and more common in places with cold weathers. Typical onset is before the age of 30. Many major organs in the body can also be affected by type 1 diabetes including the heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. Related problems include slow wound healing, vaginal infections (vulvar itching), neuropathy, gastroparesis (delayed stomach emptying), visual and hearing problems, heart disease, blood vessel disease (foot ulcers), kidney problems (may result in dialysis). Risk factors may predispose an individual to the occurrence of this type of diabetes such as genetics, exposure to toxins and certain viruses such as the Epstein-Barr virus, Coxsackie virus, mumps virus and cytomegalovirus which destroys the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. Type 1 diabetes signs and symptoms can come rapidly and may include the classic 3 Ps; polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia, bedwetting in children who previously didn’t wet the bed during the night, weight loss, muscle wasting, irritability and other mood changes, fatigue and weakness, blurred vision, vaginal yeast infection, and ketonuria or ketones (acid) in urine; high ketone levels can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Treatment for type 1 diabetes is a lifelong commitment to taking insulin, exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy
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