A Brief Note On Diabetes Mellitus ( Dm )

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Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder resulting in hyperglycemia (high blood glucose level), and its characteristic signs and symptoms are polydipsia, polyphagia, and polyuria. In most cases, the contributory factors include pancreatic disorder or destruction of the beta cells of the Langerhans affecting insulin production. However, globally 592 million people are expected to be diagnosed with DM by 2035 which is about 53% increase (Bone, 2015). Actually, the four different types of DM are Type 1 DM (formally known as insulin dependent), Type 2 DM (formally known as non-insulin dependent), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and secondary DM caused by hormonal abnormalities and pancreatic diseases (Arcangelo & Peterson, 2013). Proper management of the diabetes include early detection, understanding the signs and symptoms and treat the patient accordingly to control the blood glucose level, since there is no cure for the disease. In addition, complications such as amputation and organ damage are prevented, as well as preventing untimely death.
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the different types of DM, also, describe gestational diabetes mellitus, drugs used for treatment, proper preparation, and administration, as well as the dietary plan. Also, explanation of the short-term and the long-term impact of the disease on patient and drug effects will be discussed.
Differences between types of diabetes
Type 1 and juvenile diabetes has an early onset due to
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