A Brief Note On Diabetic Foot Ulcers And Diabetes

2448 Words Feb 16th, 2015 10 Pages
Diabetic Foot Ulcers
Abigail McBrien

Introduction
Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, is a condition that affects either the pancreas 's ability to produce insulin, or the body 's ability to effectively use the insulin produced. A common effect of diabetes is hyperglycemia – raised blood sugar (World Health Organisation 1999).

The World Health Organisation states that, in 2014, the world prevalence of diabetes amongst adults (aged over 18) was 9% (World Health Organisation 2012). The organisation also estimates that more than 347million people worldwide, including 2.9million in the UK alone, have diabetes (Diabetes 2015).

There are two types of diabetes. Type one, often referred to as juvenile diabetes, is common amongst children. It can, however, be diagnosed at any age, usually before age forty. Type one diabetes is a disease that affects the immune system, meaning cytotoxic T-cells, 'killer ' cells that are part of the immune system, are activated in the pancreas, and begin to destroy beta cells which are responsible for producing insulin (Yoon 2005).

Type two diabetes is a metabolic disorder that results in hyperglycemia, due to the body 's lack of ability to produce or to use insulin. Previously it was more common amongst adults and referred to as adult-onset diabetes, however, in recent years it has affected many more children and young adults. It is estimated that over 90% of all diabetic sufferers, have type two diabetes (NICE clinical guidelines, 2008). The…
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