A Brief Note On Impeded Economic Development And Its Effect On The Prevalence Of Migration

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impeded economic development. Second, he also explains how the slave trade led to greater political instability because of internal warfare and raiding which led to weakened and fragmented states. Nunn 's work is revered as one of extreme importance in this debate and he is often lauded for the paper 's statistical sophistication. However, Nunn 's paper is still subject to critique. First, mapping ethnicities onto modern countries in Africa has been called “ethnogenesis” (Austin 2008). The inconsistency of ethnic labels coupled with the prevalence of migration, “makes it very difficult to be confident about assigning 18th century ethnonyms to 20th century- territories” (Austin 2008:1001). Second, migration in pre-colonial Africa was…show more content…
Further, Boterro and Wallace (2011) calculate that the period between 1801-1850 is overrepresented by a factor of two in Nunn’s sample while 1701-1750 is barely represented in spite of its share of aggregate exports being roughly 20%. Even more crippling is the fact that Bottero and Wallace (2011) who extended Nunn’s study to 1960 found that the results did not become significantly negative until 1970 and were close to zero in 1960. Thus, although his paper made significant strides in our understanding of the impact of the slave trade, careful attention to the data and models calls into question whether or not this relationship is a statistical artifact or a valid finding. Consistent with the view that the slave trade had a profound impact is the work of Candido. Like Rodney, Curtin, and Nunn, Candido emphasizes that Atlantic slave trade was violent, and resulted in the militarization of Africa. Candido is a staunch opponent of the view that focuses exclusively on African agency in slavery, and instead shows how Portuguese colonization of Benguela was strong on the continent as opposed to the vie that it was just strong on the coast; she also shows how their presence was used as a pretense for war in the interior. Candido details a narrative of how in the Benguelan hinterlands a small Portuguese incursion is
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