A Brief Note On Israeli And Japanese Pregnancy Processes

1385 Words Mar 15th, 2016 6 Pages
Tsipy Ivry’s book on Israeli and Japanese pregnancy processes is an important work towards feminist anthropology and the study of pregnancy and birth in anthropology. The focuses of pregnancies brought to term in Israel and Japan, and the U.S. have many differences. The importance of genetic testing in the U.S. and Israel, and the lack of importance of it in Japan is very interesting and culturally-based. In an updated paper from 2011, Rayna Rapp expands on birthing practices and childbearing in New York City, in regards to genetic testing. Rapp also spread their studies into how western reproductive technology has spread to “developing nations” and the phenomena of wealthy westerners heading to less economically developed countries for IVF, stem cell, and other reproductive treatments and services. For example, embryotic tissue is regarded differently and more secularly in India than many Euro-American discourses and thus many seek medical treatment in India that are from other countries. The IVF process greatly effects marriages and depending upon its success further impacts partnerships and marriages, as well as gendered expectations of motherhood and fatherhood. Many women in rural countries, in good health, will donate their eggs too for monetary gain. Furthermore, IVF can be complicated by cultural and religious beliefs and practices. For example, in Israel traditional IVF is banned but obtaining eggs from other non-Jewish women is permitted, or in Sharia Iran, the…
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