A Brief Note On Needle Stick And Sharps Injuries

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Background The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that about 385,000 needle stick injury and sharps injury occur annually among healthcare workers in hospitals (CDC, 2011). Needle stick and sharps injuries are associated with the transmission of many different pathogens, particularly blood borne pathogens such as hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus, and the human immunodeficiency virus or HIV. An estimation of half of these injuries go underreported and majority of these needle stick injury and sharps injury occur in the Operating Rooms. The logical estimated amount of injuries is still an on going problem that needs further evaluation of control and prevention (Cicconi, Claypool, & Stevens, 2010). Healthcare clinicians…show more content…
Double gloving with using a different colored under glove significantly reduces the possible contact with blood and bodily fluids. There is an indication of scrubbed team members being able to detect glove puncture before skin contact when using double gloves. Cicconi, Claypool, and Stevens managed a quality improvement project to record data of how effective and beneficial the recommended practice of double gloving during surgery. The purpose of their quality improvement project is to decrease the amount of possible pathogen to skin contact from punctured gloves, reduce the amount of sharps injuries in the operating room, and to create awareness for healthcare clinicians of any potential biohazards in the workplace. Before the start of their project, their data in the year of 2006 showed that there were 26 surgery exposures out of 61 total hospital exposures (42.6% total exposure). The researchers distributed 200 questionnaires, and 164 surgeons responded (82%). 120 respondents (73.2%) had experienced a sharps injury in the previous year. Only 31 of 120 (25.8%) had reported all of their injuries, 27 (22.5%) had reported some of their injuries, and 62 (51.7%) had reported none. When the 89 were asked why they had not reported all of their injuries, 35 (39.3%) stated that they considered the patient to present a low risk for disease transmission, 20 (22.5%) stated that they were not concerned about disease transmission, 24 (26.9%) stated that they did not have time
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