A Brief Note On Production Of Opium Production

1852 Words8 Pages
Jebbeh Kiawoin
Variation in Opium Production

Until the late 1980s, Myanmar was the world’s largest producer of opium with an average annual production of about 700 metric tons of opium between 1981 and 1987 (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2016). Apart of the golden Triangle, consisting of 367,000 square miles that includes the countries of Laos and Thailand, Kokang and the Wa Region have always been major poppy growing areas in Shan State of Myanmar. These regions as a whole produced 70 per cent of Myanmar’s opium output. Production of opium is attractive to impoverished farmers as the financial return from poppy is 17 times more than that of rice. (Skidmore, Wilson, 2007) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2016). Despite the importance of the cultivation of opium to this region, it’s production has varied dramatically over time. Two-thousand and six in particular, experienced a fall in production similarly to the year of 1999(United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2016). Although there are multiple actors that have been continuous beneficiaries of the production of opium, some of these very actors partook in the combined efforts of the international crackdown on opium. There have been very few efforts in attempting to explain why the variation in opium production exists by scholars who have studied the region. Some have argued that the decrease in production beginning in 2002-2006 was done to conform to international
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