A Brief Note On The American Health Care System Of Guatemala

1742 Words Sep 28th, 2014 7 Pages
WHO Scholarly Paper
Dr. Uribe
September 28, 2014


Guatemala is located in Central America with an estimated population of 15 million in 2012 and it is considered a lower-middle-income country which a 48 percent of the total represents the indigenous population. According to Lao Pena (2013), after the 1996 Peace Accords the country made progress but poverty remains high; the 2008-09 economic crises caused an increase in overall poverty from 51 percent in 2006 to 53.7 percent in 2011. In Central America Guatemala have the highest levels of inequality with poverty indicators, especially in rural and indigenous areas even though it has the biggest economy (The World Bank, 2014). In Guatemala, 58% of the poor sector is from the indigenous population and 72% are from the extremely poor sector (Pan American Health Organization, 2012). There are three sectors in the health care system of Guatemala: public, private nonprofit and private for-profit which an estimated 40% of the population has no access to health care services. According to the Pan American Health Organization (2012), the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Guatemala is the acute respiratory infections (ARI’s). It was estimated that in 1999 there was a total of 1,019,247 cases of ARI’s and a total of 228,762 cases of pneumonia were reported with 11,082 deaths (PAHO, 2012). The leading cause of mortality in infants under 1 year of age was Pneumonia (10.6 per 1,000 populations), it was estimated…
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